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DARWIN, Charles.

Rare books by Charles Darwin, including first editions and signed first edition copies of Origin of the Species.

Charles Darwin (1809–1882) is the most significant proponent of the theory of evolution by natural selection. As a young man Darwin’s first position was naturalist aboard The Beagle during a circumnavigation spanning the years 1831–36. He took full advantage of the voyage, making important observations that would lead him to the theory of natural selection. 

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  1. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

    On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

    or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. Fifth thousand.
    Second edition of "the most important biological book ever written" (Freeman), one of 3,000 copies printed, the issue most commonly met with, bearing 1860 on the title page (a very few copies bear 1859). The second edition "can be recognised immediately by the date, by the words ‘fifth thousand', and the correct spelling of ‘Linnean' on the title page … The misprint ‘speceies' is corrected and the whale-bear story diluted, an alteration which Darwin later regretted, although he never restored the full text. Learn More
    £7,500

    Date of Publication: 1860

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 111613

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  2. Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology

    Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology

    of the Countries Visited During the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle Round the World. Under the Command of Capt. Fitz Roy. Tenth Thousand.
    Second edition, and the final definitive text. The Journal of Researches was first published as volume III of Fitzroy's Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle in 1839, and also issued as an independent volume at the same time. The second edition, extensively revised and reduced from about 224,000 words to 213,000, was first published in 1845 in the scarlet cloth of John Murray's Colonial and Home Library. Learn More
    £2,500

    Date of Publication: 1860

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 116126

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  3. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

    On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

    or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Third Edition, with Additions and Corrections (Seventh Thousand.)
    Third edition, first issued in April 1861, 2,000 copies. The text was extensively altered, and a table is given of differences between it and the second edition, a feature that occurs in each subsequent Murray edition. The third is also notable for the addition of the historical sketch in which Darwin considers his predecessors in the general theory of evolution, which had already appeared in shorter form in the first German edition, as well as in the fourth American printing, both in 1860. Learn More
    £5,000

    Date of Publication: 1861

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 96365

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  4. The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

    The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

    In two volumes. With illustrations.
    First edition, first issue, one of 1,500 copies printed; scarce in the original cloth. The term "survival of the fittest" (borrowed at Wallace's insistence from Herbert Spencer's 1866 Principles of Biology) was first used by Darwin in the first edition of this work, preceding its first use in the fifth edition of the Origin of Species (1869). Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication was a full statement of the facts on which the theories of the Origin of Species were based, though leaving aside an account of human evolution for The Descent of Man (1871). Learn More
    £4,500

    Date of Publication: 1868

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 106850

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  5. The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

    The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication.

    In two volumes. With illustrations.
    First edition, second issue (with the one-line erratum in volume II); 1,250 copies were published in February 1868 and the two issues have "considerable textual differences" (Freeman). "The term ‘survival of the fittest' (borrowed at Wallace's insistence from Herbert Spencer's 1866 Principles of Biology) first appeared in the Variation and in the fifth edition of the Origin of Species (1869)" (ODNB). Learn More
    £2,000

    Date of Publication: 1868

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 113772

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  6. The Descent of Man,

    The Descent of Man,

    and Selection in Relation to Sex.
    First edition, second issue (with no errata on the title verso of vol. II). Learn More
    £975

    Date of Publication: 1871,

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 87187

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  7. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals.

    The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals.

    With photographic and other illustrations.
    First edition, second issue with the misprint "htat" on the first line of p. 208, and the plates numbered in arabic rather than roman ("it seems probable that the arabic set was the earlier", Freeman). Expression of the Emotions completed Darwin's great cycle of evolutionary writings, "written, in part at least, as a confutation of the idea that the facial muscles of expression in man were a special endowment" (Freeman), a subject originally intended for the Descent of Man. Learn More
    £850

    Date of Publication: 1872

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 110565

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  8. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

    The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

    or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Sixth edition, with Additions and Corrections.
    Sixth edition, fifteenth thousand. The sixth edition (eleventh thousand) was first issued in 1872, and was "extensively revised [by Darwin] and contains a new chapter, VII. This was inserted to confute the views of the Roman Catholic biologist St George Mivart" (Freeman). The Origin is, of course, Darwin's best known work and "certainly the most important biological book ever written" (Freeman). Learn More
    £1,850

    Date of Publication: 1875

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 114387

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  9. The Effects of Cross and Self Fertilization in the Vegetable Kingdom.

    The Effects of Cross and Self Fertilization in the Vegetable Kingdom.

    First edition. Darwin's research on fertilisation in plants was an offshoot of his work on evolution and natural selection. To demonstrate that genetic variation gave organisms an advantage in the struggle for survival, he performed experiments demonstrating that self-fertilisation weakened plants in comparison with those that had been cross-fertilised. Learn More
    £2,000

    Date of Publication: 1876

    Published: London

    Stock Code: 115022

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  10. Woodburytype portrait.

    Woodburytype portrait.

    Woodburytype portrait of Charles Darwin (1809-1882) in three-quarter profile, from the Men of Mark series of Lock & Whitfield portraits published by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington between 1876 and 1883. Learn More
    £1,250

    Date of Publication: 1878

    Published: London:

    Stock Code: 106606

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  11. Darwin Memorial.

    Darwin Memorial.

    This printed letter, signed by T. G. Bonney and P. Edward Dove as Honorary Secretaries of the Royal Society, invites the recipient to the unveiling of the marble statue of Charles Darwin by Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm, in the Great Hall of the Natural History Museum, Brompton Road, London, the unveiling to take place on 9 June 1885. The recipient is requested to confirm his intention of attending, so that a ticket of admission may be sent. Learn More
    £300

    Date of Publication: 1885

    Published: [London:]

    Stock Code: 111237

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