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ROGERS, Henry Darwin, & A. Keith Johnston.

Atlas of the United States of North America,

Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Mexico, Central America, Cuba, and Jamaica. On a Uniform Scale ... with Plans of the Principal Cities and Sea-ports ...

Published: London: Edward Stanford, 1857-61

Stock code: 103749

Price: £6,000

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This item is on show at 43 Dover Street (map)

First edition of this superbly executed, and timely atlas showing America on the eve of the American Civil War. David Rumsey describes the work as an “unusual collaboration between a Scot (Johnston), an American (Rogers), and an Englishman (Stanford). The maps are all on a scale of 54.5 miles to one inch, and are very well executed. They are derived from the large Map of the United States, British & Central America from State Documents & Unpublished Materials … by Rogers and Johnston of the same year The western U.S. maps show the routes of the proposed Pacific Railroad. Rogers probably wrote the descriptive text. Johnston engraved and drew the maps – these maps are perhaps the best examples of Scottish highly detailed mapmaking applied to the western territories and states, in the pre-Civil War period”. It contains important Western maps and a genuinely noteworthy Texas map, and the maps of the territories of Utah and New Mexico are certainly among the earliest commercial atlas maps which show these territories individually, rather than combining them with other states or territories. A number of the other maps, those of the territories of Kansas, Nebraska, Washington, and Oregon for example, are also early representations of short-lived political entities, which would soon be further divided to create the smaller territories from which most of the states West of the Mississippi would eventually be created. This issue of the atlas includes an additional plan of the city of Charleston, published by Stanford in February 1861, and clearly showing Forts Moultrie, Johnson and Sumter which were to become the focus of the first battle of the Civil War.

Folio (367 248 mm) In the original red zig-zag grained cloth, title gilt to the front board, blind panelling to both boards, pale cream surface-paper endpapers. 24 stub-mounted double-page maps, most hand-coloured in outline, some more fully coloured, and 5 two-colour lithograph sheets with 9 plans of ports and harbours, map of the city of Charleston, by the same publisher mounted on the front pastedown. Somewhat rubbed, neatly rebacked with the original spine laid down, light browning throughout, but overall a very good copy.

Bibliography: Phillips, Atlases, 3670; Rumsey 3825; Sabin 72699

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