The Roman Wall,
and Illustrations of the Principal Vestiges of Roman Occupation in the North of England. Consisting of Plans of the Military Works, the Stations, Camps, Ancient Ways, and other Remains of the Earlier Periods, in the Northern Counties. [bound together with;] The Watling Street. From the Original Surveys made by direction of His Grace The Duke of Northumberland ... [together with;] Eastern Branch of the Watling Street, in the County of Northumberland, from Bewclay near Portgate on the Roman Wall to Berwick-upon-Tweed ...
First editions. The first named with the inscription, “Presented to Henry Lawes Long Esq., by The Duke of Northumberland, Syon 27th August 1859” to the first blank and circular, sepia lithographed Long armorial bookplate to the front pastedown; the second inscribed “With the Duke of Northumberland’s Compliments” verso of the first blank. In 1804 Henry MacLauchlan joined the Royal Corps of Military Surveyors and Draftsmen as a cadet, “He trained as a military surveyor, spending several years in Cork, but along with most other draughtsmen was placed on half pay when the corps disbanded in 1817. In 1823–4 MacLauchlan was employed by the Ordnance Survey in Gloucestershire, south Wales, and Bedfordshire” (ODNB) He continued to work for the OS until his retirement in 1844, when he “returned to Cornwall with the assessionable manors commission, surveying hill forts and linear earthworks … By 1848 MacLauchlan was conducting a similar survey of ancient remains in the North Riding of Yorkshire for the keen amateur archaeologist Algernon Percy, Lord Prudhoe, later fourth duke of Northumberland. On its successful completion and publication … the duke commissioned MacLauchlan to undertake further field surveys of Watling Street, Hadrian’s Wall, the eastern branch of Watling Street, and other remains in Northumberland … MacLauchlan …recorded with precision details of many ancient monuments, some of which have since been destroyed. His work was accorded little recognition until the 1950s and 1960s, but later scholars working on Roman and prehistoric remains in the north of England freely acknowledge their debt to his draughtsmanship and accuracy.” Henry Lawes Long, of Hampton Lodge in Surrey, was a keen antiquary and the author of two publications on the problem of Hannibal’s route through the Alps – Hannibal’s Passage of the Alps (1830) and The March of Hannibal to from the Rhone to the Alps (1831); a study of Roman remains in the south of England (1836), and A Survey of the Early Geography of Western Europe, as connected with the First Inhabitants of Britain, their Origin, Language, Religious Rites, and Edifices (1859).
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2 volumes, folio (550 400 mm). Green pebble-grain half morocco, matching cloth sides, title gilt to spine and to upper board of the first part, to the spine only on the second, gilt rules at spine and corner edges, marbled endpapers. Title page and 5 double-sheet maps to each of the three items. A little rubbed, endpapers showing some foxing, light toning, but overall a very good set.