A Complete and Universal Dictionary of the English Language.
Comprehending The Exploration, Pronunciation, Origin & Synonymics of each Word; An Epitome of the History of England to the present time; A Description of the Counties, Cities & Market Towns of Great Britain and of the Kingdoms, States, Provinces & Cities in the known World, with a Variety of other useful information. A New Edition enlarged, improved & adapted to the present state of Science. [Bound With:] A Collection of the Principal Flags of all Nations in the World; from the Best Authorities.
First published in 1774, Barclay’s Dictionary was to pass through at least 24 reprints and editions by 1851. The stress-point in words was marked, and words were noted which were apparently synonyms: Barclay was the first English lexicographer to attempt the latter. In addition, the reader was provided with information more usually to be found in an encyclopaedia than in a dictionary. Barclay’s interest in linguistic matters is shown by a series of articles on the history, grammar, pronunciation, and orthography of English, very probably by Barclay himself. The dictionary proved to be an important means of self-education for the less privileged classes of society well into the Victorian era.
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Quarto. Contemporary full tree calf, rebacked to style with smooth spine gilt in compartments. Engraved frontispiece, title, and 48 plates and maps, of which 21 are hand-tinted maps with original colour (3 folding), engraved by J. Barlow, published by C. Brightly and E. Kinnersley. Flags in the supplementary work all hand-coloured. Some minor wear to covers, some foxing in text, still a good copy.