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BARCLAY, James

A Complete and Universal Dictionary of the English Language.

Comprehending The Exploration, Pronunciation, Origin & Synonymics of each Word; An Epitome of the History of England to the present time; A Description of the Counties, Cities & Market Towns of Great Britain and of the Kingdoms, States, Provinces & Cities in the known World, with a Variety of other useful information. A New Edition enlarged, improved & adapted to the present state of Science. [Bound With:] A Collection of the Principal Flags of all Nations in the World; from the Best Authorities.

Published: Bungay: Printed & Published by Brightly & Childs, 1812–13

Stock code: 31193

Price: £750.00

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First published in 1774, Barclay’s Dictionary was to pass through at least 24 reprints and editions by 1851. The stress-point in words was marked, and words were noted which were apparently synonyms: Barclay was the first English lexicographer to attempt the latter. In addition, the reader was provided with information more usually to be found in an encyclopaedia than in a dictionary. Barclay’s interest in linguistic matters is shown by a series of articles on the history, grammar, pronunciation, and orthography of English, very probably by Barclay himself. The dictionary proved to be an important means of self-education for the less privileged classes of society well into the Victorian era.

Quarto. Contemporary full tree calf, rebacked to style with smooth spine gilt in compartments. Engraved frontispiece, title, and 48 plates and maps, of which 21 are hand-tinted maps with original colour (3 folding), engraved by J. Barlow, published by C. Brightly and E. Kinnersley. Flags in the supplementary work all hand-coloured. Some minor wear to covers, some foxing in text, still a good copy.

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