(WORLD WAR II.)
Schadenstellen im LS-Ort. Oberhausen/Rhld. mit Müllheim a.d. Ruhr.
[Bomb-damage Sites in the Air Defence Area Oberhausen-Rheinland and Mülheim an der Ruhr]
Remarkable album of photographs documenting the damage caused by Allied bombing on the Ruhr. Evidently officially compiled by the regional Luftschutzamt – Air Defence Organisation – the collection offers a highly-detailed visual record of the effects of the raids, each image also being accompanied by meticulous analysis, noting dates, precise location, type of ordnance, impact and effects, for example; “Raid of 10 August 1941 from 3 a.m. Köperstraße Oberhausen-Sterkrade, 850kg mine-bomb. Garden area behind the houses, 3 houses completely destroyed, 8 houses badly damaged, 29 houses substantially damage, and more than 100 houses with windows or roofs damaged. No fatalities, 22 wounded, of which the majority were in the shelter. Crater photographed from above. Particularly noteworthy is the perimeter of the crater”; and “Raid of 24 April 1943 – Incendiary. Mixture of phosphorus and magnesium-aluminium alloy incendiaries – Herz-Jesu-Kirche and surroundings. The vault was hit and the tower burnt out. View from the tower”. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant had made the area a key target during the bombing campaign against the Axis oil industries. The loosely inserted sketches expand on the verbal descriptions accompanying the photographs, offering diagrams detailing particular bomb strikes. The three incidents referred to are at the railway station at Mülheim, of which there are two photographic images; a strike on a bunker in the washrooms of Ruhrchemie, three images; and to a bunker on the premises of Die Gutehoffnungshütte foundry, five images. The album was looted during the invasion of Germany in 1945, an inscription on the front free endpaper reads:”The Ruhr 1945. Received this book during our occupation of Germany. They have had it, eh?”.
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Landscape quarto (228 285 mm) contemporary cream cloth double-post binder album, cream textured endpapers. Calligraphic title page, illustrated with a silhouetted skyline with two bright white searchlight beams; 166 mounted original photographs, various formats, many c.83 113 mm and vice versa, 55 of them c.127 170 mm, all captioned in a neat calligraphic hand in great detail as to location, type of bomb and extent of damage; three pen and ink diagrams with blue and red pencil crayon shading on calque paper, with elevations of buildings showing the extent of bomb damage. Just a little rubbed, a few images coming loose, and 10 neatly removed, overall very good.