LUCAS, Charles.

Appendice à la théorie de l'emprisonnement,

ou réponse aux écoles opposantes en général, et à l'école pensylvanienne en particulier; suivi de quelques mots sur la réforme des prisons de la France.

Paris: Imprimerie de Bourgogne et Martinet, 1838 Stock Code: 91149
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First edition of the leading prison theorist and Inspector General's supplement to his influential work, De la réforme des prisons, published two years previously.

On the whole, Lucas's work in penal reform was received favourably by his contemporaries; his Du système pénal et du système répressif en général de la peine de mort en particulier (1827) was awarded first prize by the Société de la morale chrétienne for the best work on the subject of the death penalty, and his landmark work, Du système pénitentiaire en Europe et aux États-Unis (1828), was awarded the Montyon prize in 1830 by the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences. However, Lucas found his greatest critics to be two of the most influential reformers at the time: Tocqueville and Beaumont. Although he was at first a supporter of the Philadelphia system, Lucas gradually became more and more unconvinced by the effectiveness of complete solitude. "Lucas's ideas were the polar opposite of Tocqueville's and Beaumont's. He held optimistic assumptions about human nature and was convinced of the reforming powers of Bentham's utilitarianism. He fought hard for the creation of French versions of Dumont's ideal Swiss prisons Lucas, who was Tocqueville's contemporary, instantly opposed the young magistrates' plans to investigate American prisons. He believed little could be gained from studying America" (Drolet, p. 122). Their personal dislike for each other and their philosophical differences would continue throughout their lives.

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Octavo (208 x 128 mm). Contemporary mauve pebbled quarter cloth, green spine label, marbled boards and endpapers, edges sprinkled brown.


Extremities a little worn including spine label, ends and corners bumped, some creasing to upper edge of front endpapers, contents infrequently foxed with a few faint ink marks, overall a very good copy.


M. Drolet, Tocqueville, Democracy and Social Reform, 2003.


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