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Autograph letter signed, and inscribed typescript speech, opposing the Vietnam War.

5 December 1969 Stock Code: 141385
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"Stop the War!"

Autograph letter signed from Linus Pauling, together with an inscribed typescript speech, fiercely setting out his anti-war views. The American chemist and peace activist Linus Carl Pauling (1901-1994), one of the founders of molecular biology and quantum chemistry, won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1954 and for Peace in 1962, one of only four individuals to win more than one Nobel Prize. Pauling writes to Ray Gardner (1919-1997), a journalist at the Toronto Star and himself a peace campaigner and sometime Chairman of the British Columbia Peace Council, in response to a request on his outlook for the coming decade, part of a series of letters sent to prominent individuals soliciting their views for publication in the Star.

Pauling writes with a strident anti-war message, opposing the Vietnam War, and proposing a radical alteration of the economy from militarism to individual needs. "The time has now come when we must free the world of the evil of war. The power of complete mutual destruction by nuclear weapons has forced the United States and the Soviet Union to accept an unwritten treaty that they will work together and settle their disputes peacefully. But the backward and venal politicians cooperate with the small group of rich and powerful people who benefit from war and militarism in continuing the wicked war in Vietnam, a crime against humanity that must be stopped. The people of all countries must insist that this evil action be ended, that the economic system be changed so that each person is able to exercise his right to a full life, to bodily integrity, to freedom of action, to good food, clothing, shelter, education, medical care, and social and economic security. War has become increasingly unjust and inhumane, both in the magnitude and in the distribution of the suffering it causes and the gap between the rich people and the poor people, the rich nations and the poor nations, continues to widen. Our task now is to eliminate from the world these great causes of unnecessary human suffering. Linus Pauling".

Pauling enclosed a typescript speech he delivered at the Vietnam Moratorium Meeting, Stanford University, 15 October 1969, which he has inscribed "Dear Mr Gardner: you may be able also to use this. There were 8000 people at the meeting. Linus Pauling". Gardner sent the speech to the Toronto Star president Martin Goodman (two copies enclosed), with a note suggesting that the speech be used; Goodman returned the note with the pencilled note "I don't think it's worth using. MG".

The letter, typescript, and copies were retained by Gardner, in his collection of documents received by notable individuals during his journalist career, dispersed after his death.

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Autograph letter signed, one A4 sheet, on Stanford University Department of Chemistry letterhead, with the original envelope made out to the recipient in Pauling's hand. Together with an inscribed typescript of a speech by Pauling, two copies of the above, and a typed note.


In very good condition.


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