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Philosophy

Rare first editions, signed and inscribed copies, deluxe and collectible editions of books, pamphlets, and ephemera relating to philosophy, the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

Showing items 1-60 of 177

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  1. 131084
    First edition in English, following the first and second editions in French published in 1697 and 1702 respectively. "For over half a century, until the publication of the Encyclopédie, Bayle's Dictionnaire dominated enlightened thinking in every part of Europe" (PMM). French Protestant Pierre Bayle (1647-1706) wrote his... Learn More
    £3,500

    Stock Code: 131084

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  2. 120914comp
    First edition, first printing (copyright page signed "A-K", later printings are signed "D-K"), presentation copy inscribed on the front free endpaper, "To my old antagonist Senator Goldwater from his friend Bob Kennedy". This is a great cross-party association for Bobby Kennedy's first book, which concerns the McLellan Committee's... Learn More
    £8,500

    Stock Code: 120914

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  3. 127485
    Second edition, published in the same year as the rare first edition. The work contains "Nunc lento sonitu dicunt Morieris", with Donne's famous lines (often misremembered as being in verse): "No man is an Iland, intire of it self; every man is a piece of the Continent, a part of the main; if a clod be washed away by the... Learn More
    £12,500

    Stock Code: 127485

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  4. 130932
    First edition, first printing. Fogel's "Fourth Great Awakening" refers to the American religious revival of the 1960s and 1970, as mainstream Protestantism weakened and evangelicalism grew. Fogel's interpretation, which proved controversial, places this development as on a par with the previous "Great Awakenings" - the religious... Learn More
    £35

    Stock Code: 130932

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  5. 130928
    First Gellert edition, first printing. A powerful graphic rendering of Das Kapital by the Hungarian-born American artist Hugo Gellert (1892-1985), published in the midst of the Depression. The accompanying text is from the translations of Ernest Untermann, the first American translator of Kapital, and Eden and Cedar Paul.... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 130928

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  6. 129812
    Very rare first and only issue, of enormous consequence, a double number which contains the first appearance of both Marx's first major work, Zur Kritik der Hegel'schen Rechtsphilosophie (containing his famous remark that religion is "das Opium des Volks"), and Engels's first work on economics, Umrisse zu einer Kritik der... Learn More
    £62,500

    Stock Code: 129812

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  7. 129813
    Rare first edition of Marx's first published book, written when he was only 26. It is also the first book written in collaboration with Engels. In 1844, the first year of their friendship, Marx and Engels decided to write a critique of their former associates of the Young Hegelian school, whose views were still very popular... Learn More
    £42,500

    Stock Code: 129813

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  8. 128994
    First edition of this account of the 1866 Geneva Congress, the first congress of the International Workingmen's Association, commonly known as the First International. The Association had been founded in 1864 in London by French and British radicals, including the exiled Karl Marx, who delivered the inaugural address at... Learn More
    £12,500

    Stock Code: 128994

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  9. 130407comp
    First edition, first impression. The copy of Russell's friend Lytton Strachey, with his ownership signature to the front free endpaper. Russell recounts in his autobiography that he came to know Strachey through his mother, with whom Russell campaigned for female suffrage. A fan of Strachey's writing, Russell recalls that... Learn More
    £950

    Stock Code: 130407

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  10. 129308
    An unpublished fragment from Sartre's unfinished novel, which he intended to title La Dernière Chance, and which would have comprised the fourth volume in his novel cycle Les Chemins de la Liberté. Sartre abandoned the work at some point in the 1950s, although two chapters had appeared in Les Temps Modernes under the title... Learn More
    £15,000

    Stock Code: 129308

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  11. 98719
    First edition of Bentham's French work on crime and punishment, edited, arranged and translated from his unpublished manuscripts by his Swiss collaborator Étienne Dumont.
    "Samuel Bentham, Jeremy's brother, had long been urging Bentham to translate, or get translated into French, his writings on legislation, in order... Learn More
    £1,750

    Stock Code: 98719

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  12. 101528
    Second edition of Bentham's French work on crime and punishment, edited, arranged and translated from his unpublished manuscripts by his Swiss collaborator Étienne Dumont. This work was first published in English as The Rationale of Reward, (London, J. & H. Hunt, 1825) and The Rationale of Punishment, (London, R. Heward,... Learn More
    £500

    Stock Code: 101528

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  13. 97488detail
    First collected edition of Bentham's works, compiled under the supervision of his disciple and editor, John Bowring, assisted by John Hill Burton, who wrote the lengthy "Introduction to the study of Bentham's works". The collected works were first issued in 22 parts, at 9 shillings each, between the years 1838 and 1843.... Learn More
    £3,500

    Stock Code: 97488

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  14. 97501
    First edition, comprising "a popular selection in one volume of Bentham's writings" (Muirhead), serving as an introduction to utilitarianism. John Hill Burton had previously edited the works of Bentham in conjunction with Sir John Bowring. Learn More
    £250

    Stock Code: 97501

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  15. 123580
    First collected edition of Bentham's works, edited and partly translated into French by Bentham's collaborator and disciple Etienne Dumont, preceding by 8 years the first English collected edition. "Even in the English-speaking world it was largely through Dumont's versions that Bentham came to be read" (Dinwiddy, p. 293).... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 123580

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  16. 120454
    First London edition of all three parts of Bentham's famous but abortive Panopticon Penitentiary Scheme. Both the second Postscript and the plates were delayed in being printed and "very few copies of either the London or the Dublin editions have all the engravings According to Bentham, most of the plates were destroyed... Learn More
    £17,500

    Stock Code: 120454

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  17. 111422
    Provenance: with the engraved armorial bookplate of noted legal writer William Cooke (1757-1832) to..."> Second collected edition, "an edition more methodical, more elegant, and every way more complete, than any preceding" (Lowndes), first published by Millar in 1740, Gosling's 1730 edition lacking a small number of texts.
    Provenance: with the engraved armorial bookplate of noted legal writer William Cooke (1757-1832) to... Learn More
    £1,750

    Stock Code: 111422

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  18. 129981
    First edition, first impression. The copy of the Scottish philosopher Hyman Levy (1889-1975), with his ownership signature to the front free endpaper and his annotations to the text. Levy was Emeritus Professor at Imperial College, and one of the leading spokesmen for the British Communist Party, although he would be expelled... Learn More
    £175

    Stock Code: 129981

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  19. 128821
    First edition, one of an unstated number of large paper copies, originally priced 18 livres, and very much larger than the 12-livre quarto copies usually met with. Helman made the engravings illustrating the life of Confucius from a set of drawings sent from China to Paris by Jean-Joseph-Marie Amiot (1718-1793), the French... Learn More
    £3,500

    Stock Code: 128821

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  20. 127800
    First edition, first impression, of this collection of Russell's controversialist essays. Learn More
    £65

    Stock Code: 127800

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  21. 127048
    Exceedingly scarce first appearance in print of the Monadology, Leibniz's most mature philosophical work, considered one of the most important philosophical texts of the 18th century. Written in 1714 and published in the original French as late as 1814, it first appeared in print in this very rare German translation in 1720,... Learn More
    £95,000

    Stock Code: 127048

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  22. 125751
    First edition of Hamilton's poems, with a preface by Adam Smith, his first appearance in print. Learn More
    £3,750

    Stock Code: 125751

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  23. 97418

    Notes on Logic.

    Cambridge: dated 1913, but early 1950s

    A scarce carbon typescript copy of Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic, originally dictated by Wittgenstein to Bertrand Russell in October 1913, and first presented as a lecture in March 1914 at Harvard, where Russell had been invited to lecture. The Notes were first published from a version copied at Harvard by Harry Costello,... Learn More
    £12,500

    Stock Code: 97418

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  24. 125581
    First edition in book-form, originally published in articles in the Pittsburgh Commercial in 1865-6, of this key work of utopian communism. Aaron Williams had joined the Harmony Society, based on millenarian communal living, in February 1865. Founded by George Rapp, The Harmony Society had its origins in Germany in the late... Learn More
    £1,750

    Stock Code: 125581

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  25. 122290
    First edition in English of Machiavelli's Discorsi sopra la prima deca di Tito Livio (1531). Machiavelli's works had been circulated in manuscript and widely discussed in England, but not published until the breakdown of press censorship in the period leading up to the Civil War. This edition was followed in 1640 by the... Learn More
    £3,000

    Stock Code: 122290

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  26. 100755
    First edition in German, translated from the English by Brigitte Granzow. Originally published in 1963 by Viking Press, New York. Learn More
    £150

    Stock Code: 100755

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  27. 121182
    Second edition of the French anarchist philosopher's notorious thesis which caused a scandal by equating all property with theft, printed by Proudhon himself in his hometown Besançon as stated on the half-title verso. As a result of his family's financial difficulties, Proudhon entered a printing-office in Besancon as a... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 121182

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  28. Essays on Philosophical Subjects.
    First Dublin edition, same year as the first London edition; Kress lists the Dublin printing first and calls the London "another issue" while Tribe calls the Dublin edition a piracy. The Essays were published five years after Smith's death and edited by the Scottish philosopher Dugald Stewart (1753-1828); his "Account of... Learn More
    £2,250

    Stock Code: 97132

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  29. 124091
    A remarkable association copy, from the library of the Scottish philosopher David Hume, of one of the most notable works of western philosophy, this being the first Bernartius edition, with Hume's bookplate (State A) to the front pastedown.
    Hume was an enthusiastic reader of classical literature and a self-proclaimed... Learn More
    £9,500

    Stock Code: 124091

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  30. 93433
    First separate edition in French of three of Hume's Four Dissertations, first published in English in 1757: The Natural History of Religion, Of the Passions, Of Tragedy, and Of the Standard of Taste, translated into French by Johann Bernhard Merian. The volume was originally issued as volume four of Schneider's Oeuvres philosophiques... Learn More
    £175

    Stock Code: 93433

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  31. 107613
    First edition in English of Machiavelli's famous handbook for rulers (1513, published Rome 1532), dedicated to Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence from 1513. The Prince appears to have been banned from publication in England during the Elizabethan period, though translations circulated in manuscript. It was so controversial... Learn More
    £65,000

    Stock Code: 107613

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  32. 128985
    First edition of La Mettrie's ironic refutation of his own L'Homme Machine of 1748. The present treatise continues to espouse La Mettrie's materialistic vision of the world, and was written during the author's stay in Berlin under the protection of Frederick the Great, although its radical themes still led La Mettrie and... Learn More
    £1,500

    Stock Code: 128985

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  33. 128984
    First collected edition of these three materialist texts. The first, Parité de la Vie & de la Mort by Abraham Gaultier, was first published in 1714, this being the second edition. Gaultier, like Bernard Mandeville and La Mettrie, was a physician turned philosopher; in the present treatise he offers an entirely materialist... Learn More
    £1,350

    Stock Code: 128984

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  34. 128915
    First public edition of Hardy's 1942 account of the breach between Russell and Trinity which occurred during the First World War, originally privately printed in 1942. This new edition contains a 4-page foreword by C. D. Broad, explaining the circumstances of the argument and the publication history of the book. Learn More
    £75

    Stock Code: 128915

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  35. 128868
    First edition, one of 30 large paper copies; William Bowyer's records show a further 220 copies were printed on smaller paper. Roger Bacon wrote the Opus Majus, his most important work, in the 1260s, but it went unpublished until the present edition. Samuel Jebb used the manuscript held by Trinity College Cambridge, resulting... Learn More
    £6,250

    Stock Code: 128868

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  36. 124907
    First edition, parts I & II, all published, of Fichte's defence of the French Revolution. From the library of the German philosopher David Strauss, with his ownership signature dated 1832 to the front free endpaper. Strauss is best known for his Das Leben Jesu, published in 1835, a highly controversial but also painstakingly... Learn More
    £3,000

    Stock Code: 124907

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  37. 114139
    First edition of the work that "perhaps more than any other of his works, has been viewed by posterity as the kernel of his social philosophy" (ODNB). "Many of Mill's ideas are now the commonplaces of democracy. His arguments for freedom of every kind of thought and speech have never been improved on. He was the first to... Learn More
    £6,750

    Stock Code: 114139

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  38. 128703

    Collected Papers.

    Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London: 1999

    First edition, first printing, of this collection of Rawls's essays and papers, gathered by Samuel Freeman, the leading authority on Rawls. Learn More
    £100

    Stock Code: 128703

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  39. 127134
    First edition, first printing, of this collection of Gandhi's speeches and writings on socialism and non-violence. Learn More
    £115

    Stock Code: 127134

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  40. 128613
    First edition, third impression (erroneously stated third edition on dust jacket), first published the previous month. With the publication of the present book, following his publication of Guide to Modern Thought in 1933, Joad "established himself as the subject's foremost popularizer" (ODNB). The wraparound contains favourable... Learn More
    £10

    Stock Code: 128613

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  41. 121176
    First Plantin edition and the first to be edited by the Hungarian humanist scholar, physician, philologist and historian János Zsámboky (1531-1584), under the Latinized form of his name Joannes Sambucus. His edition is based on the translation by the 15th-century Italian monk and scholar Ambrogio Traversari (first published... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 121176

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  42. 127809
    First edition of Perreau's fable, accounting for the life of Mizrim, a wise man in the service of the Egyptian pharaoh Ozymandias, who serves as a minister of the realm and is entrusted with the education of the pharaoh's son. Perreau (1749-1813), a physiocrat and protégé of Mirabeau, uses the tale as a discourse on good... Learn More
    £1,300

    Stock Code: 127809

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  43. 125690
    First edition in Russian of the Critique of Pure Reason, translated by the Russian professor of philosophy M. I. Vladislavlev. Genuinely scarce, OCLC locating just six copies in institutional holdings worldwide (3 in the US, 2 in Canada, 1 in Poland), and appearing just twice in auction records across the past 25 years.... Learn More
    £6,750

    Stock Code: 125690

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  44. 127158
    First edition of Michelet's translation of Vico. Michelet's translation introduced Vico to a broader audience and helped to establish the Italian philosopher's fame. The present translation abridges, romanticises and clarifies the original dense and obscure text, and this, combined with Michelet's prefatory essay on Vico... Learn More
    £1,100

    Stock Code: 127158

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  45. 127159
    First edition of this study of how economic analysis has been closely influenced by the course of political philosophy. A Scottish civil servant, James Bonar's (1852-1941) other writings include works on Malthus and Ricardo, as well as the catalogue of Adam Smith's Library. Learn More
    £300

    Stock Code: 127159

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  46. 126747
    First edition in English of Fischer's monograph on Kant, forming part of his History of Modern Philosophy series, published from 1854 to 1877. Fischer was a major influence on neo-Kantian philosophy and on the interpretation of Kant in the middle of the 19th century. Mahaffy's introduction contains much on the growing influence... Learn More
    £250

    Stock Code: 126747

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  47. 113435
    Early edition of the author's magnum opus, Élémens d'idéologie, and his commentary on Montesquieu's Spirit of Laws. Destutt de Tracy (1754-1836) was one of the founding members of the liberal republican group the Idéologues and famously coined the term "ideology" (in the sense of a "science of the formation of ideas").... Learn More
    £375

    Stock Code: 113435

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  48. 127091comp
    First edition, second impression. Inscribed by the author on the front free endpaper: "To Arthur Boyars, who won't believe it. From Freddie Ayer, who wrote it. Oxford December 5th 1946". A good Oxford association - in 1946 Ayer concluded his fellowship and deanship at Wadham College, Oxford, while Boyars was a student at... Learn More
    £750

    Stock Code: 127091

    signed

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  49. 126535
    First edition, first impression, of this first publication of the Kindred of the Kibbo Kift, written by "Head Man" of the Kindred, John "White Fox" Hargrave (1894-1982). This book was issued by Duckworth, but bearing the "Imprint of the Kincouncil", and is very scarce, with Copac listing only six copies in British institutions.... Learn More
    £650

    Stock Code: 126535

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  50. 123878
    "A Proposal..."> First edition of Vico's autobiography, argued by Croce to be "the application of the Scienza Nuova to the life of its author, the course of his own individual history" (p. 266), printed as pages 145-256 in the first volume of Calogerà's Raccolta d'opusculi scientifici e filologici, a quarterly miscellany.
    "A Proposal... Learn More
    £4,750

    Stock Code: 123878

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  51. 120538
    First collected edition in French. It includes the young Huguenot intellectual Samuel Sorbière's popular translation of "De cive" (first 1649); a translation of "De corpore politico", long attributed to Sorbière but now thought to have been by prolific translator John Davies (Malcolm, pp. 464-5); and "Human Nature" translated... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 120538

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  52. 125828
    First expanded edition in English, the Bradley Martin copy, well-margined and handsomely bound in contemporary calf. The fine engraved portrait by William Marshall, so often lacking, is present here.
    It was translated from the 1623 enlarged Latin version (De augmentis scientiarum) of Bacon's 1605 treatise on learning... Learn More
    £6,500

    Stock Code: 125828

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  53. .
    First English edition. One of the central texts in the history of 18th-century thought, L'Esprit des Loix was a huge influence both on English law, especially as mediated by William Blackstone, and on those who framed the American Constitution. Blackstone's Commentaries, Hamilton's Federalist Papers and Tocqueville's Democracy... Learn More
    £12,500

    Stock Code: 111777

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  54. 126241detail
    First collected edition of Bentham's works, compiled under the supervision of his disciple and editor, John Bowring, assisted by John Hill Burton, who wrote the lengthy "Introduction to the study of Bentham's works". The collected works were first issued in 22 parts, at 9 shillings each, between the years 1838 and 1843.... Learn More
    £3,250

    Stock Code: 126241

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  55. 126033

    Geist der Utopie.

    Munich & Leipzig: 1918

    Bloch (1885-1977) "stands alone in his attempt to graft on to the inherited doctrine of Marxism a complete metaphysic,..."> First edition of Bloch's first book, a treatise on the spirit of utopian thought, in which he touches on themes which would occupy him throughout his life, particularly that of the "Not-Yet-Conscious."
    Bloch (1885-1977) "stands alone in his attempt to graft on to the inherited doctrine of Marxism a complete metaphysic,... Learn More
    £1,750

    Stock Code: 126033

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  56. 125988
    First edition, copy number 30 of 35 printed on papier vergé blanc de Hollande, of Sartre's final volume of essays in the series Situations, including several autobiographical pieces. Learn More
    £350

    Stock Code: 125988

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  57. Cours de philosophie positive.
    First edition of Comte's most important work, the canonical statement of positivism. It is in the prodigious Cours that he lays the foundations of his system, establishing, under the conception of the Law of the Three States, the new sociology in its historical and formal relations to the other sciences. "The remarkable... Learn More
    £3,500

    Stock Code: 110733

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  58. 124033
    First edition, the first in any language of Voltaire's work, with the French edition, printed in Amsterdam, appearing the subsequent year. Voltaire's great admiration for the English people and their system of government was developed during his exile in the country in the 1720s. He was deeply impressed by the respect given... Learn More
    £3,000

    Stock Code: 124033

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  59. 125352
    First edition under White's editorship, the sixth overall, originally published in 1644. Milton's ringing rhetoric in defence of the freedom of the press was produced as a response to the licensing order of 1643. It has proved the foundation of arguments for freedom of the press ever since, and influenced the American founding... Learn More
    £550

    Stock Code: 125352

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  60. 125270
    First US edition. The Scottish philosopher William Duncan (1717-1760) had published his Elements of Logic in London in 1748, in which he set out his objective of introducing scientific reasoning into natural knowledge, on broadly Baconian grounds. The work is believed to have been a major influence on Thomas Jefferson, and... Learn More
    £675

    Stock Code: 125270

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