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Philosophy

Rare first editions, signed and inscribed copies, deluxe and collectible editions of books, pamphlets, and ephemera relating to philosophy, the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

Showing items 1-60 of 201

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  1. 132885detail
    The complete run of Ayn Rand's non-fiction periodicals, aiming to disseminate her philosophy among her disciples, with contributions from her and her acolytes, including Nathaniel Branden, Leonard Peikoff, and Alan Greenspan. The Objectivist Newsletter is the casebound collected edition, printed in 1965 following publication... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 132885

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  2. 133044
    First edition, first impression. Hayek's classic polemic against centralization and collectivism, among the most influential and popular expositions of classical liberalism and libertarianism, was "far and away the most eloquent and straightforward statement of his political and economic outlook that Hayek ever achieved"... Learn More
    £4,250

    Stock Code: 133044

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  3. 132519comp
    First edition, first printing. With a signed presentation inscription from the author to the philosopher and essayist Ramiro de Maeztu on the verso of the front wrapper: "A Ramiro de Maeztu, mi devoción por su obra maravillosamente hispana, cerradamente española. R. E. Scarpa... Stgo de Chile. Dic. 1935" ("To Ramiro de... Learn More
    £875

    Stock Code: 132519

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  4. 132938
    First edition, first printing, of this multi-faceted collection of memories of Wittgenstein. Essays are contributed by his sister Hermine Wittgenstein, his Russian teacher Fania Pascal, his fellow Cambridge classmate F. R. Leavis, and two of his pupils and close friends, John King and M. O'C. Drury. The editor, the American... Learn More
    £250

    Stock Code: 132938

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  5. 132814
    First edition, first printing. In Liberalismus, Mises "sought to make the case for a free society, a case that was not based on aesthetic or ethical considerations, but on the rock-solid foundations of economic science. From there he would spell out the further implications of the case for liberty in fields such as monopoly... Learn More
    £375

    Stock Code: 132814

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  6. 119706

    Logic.

    Cambridge: 1921-2-4

    First editions, first impressions, of the British logician's major treatise, the first part focusing on informal logic, the second on syllogistic logic, and the third on causality. By the early 1920s Johnson (1858-1931) had been a popular lecturer in moral sciences at Cambridge for almost 20 years, and taught logic while... Learn More
    £250

    Stock Code: 119706

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  7. 132833
    First edition of the future prime minister's first work, his prize declamation as a student at Cambridge, privately printed when he was just nineteen. The speech attracted Charles James Fox's attention and was commended by him in the House of Commons. Uncommon, with ESTC locating eight copies. Learn More
    £850

    Stock Code: 132833

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  8. 132785
    First German-language edition, first printing, of Hayek's classic polemic against centralization and collectivism, among the most influential and popular expositions of classical liberalism and libertarianism, and "far and away the most eloquent and straightforward statement of his political and economic outlook that he... Learn More
    £425

    Stock Code: 132785

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  9. 132783
    First edition, first impression. Hayek was fascinated by Mill's obsession with Taylor, a married woman, partly due to the seemingly irrational actions of the great rationalist. Hayek gathered the letters - which had been dispersed when Mill's home in Avignon was sold in 1905 - with great difficulty, and the publication constituted... Learn More
    £50

    Stock Code: 132783

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  10. 132651
    Second edition, first impression, published very soon - perhaps only a day - after the first edition. Burke's brilliant polemic has been a key text of conservative movements of every shape and form for two centuries. Burke asserted "that any revolution that did not bring real liberty, which comes from the administration... Learn More
    £1,500

    Stock Code: 132651

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  11. 132450
    First edition. Following the failure of his first book, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, Walden was not a runaway success. The edition of 2,000 took five years to sell through, but it was from the very first an immensely influential text, and remains so today: "For almost a hundred years an inspiration to nature... Learn More
    £8,500

    Stock Code: 132450

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  12. 130675
    First edition. Lord Sidmouth was then reviewing the Toleration Act of 1689, with the present treatise offering reflections and propositions on the subject. The author was a dissenter; as with other treatises of the period, he supports toleration for dissenters, but does not extend this to Catholics. More unusually however,... Learn More
    £375

    Stock Code: 130675

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  13. 132064
    True first edition of one of the foundation works in the field of political theory, with the winged head ornament on the title page. There are three editions with title-pages bearing 1651 imprints. The second, with a bear ornament, was printed outside England (probably at Amsterdam), and the third, with a triangular type... Learn More
    £27,500

    Stock Code: 132064

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  14. 131267
    First edition, with a fine Bloomsbury Group provenance, presented by Lytton Strachey to Frances Marshall later Frances Partridge upon marriage, with a notation of the presentation in the latter's hand "Frances Marshall from Lytton 1931" in pencil on the front free endpaper. At the time of the presentation, Frances was... Learn More
    £4,250

    Stock Code: 131267

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  15. 118632
    First edition of the theologian and natural philosopher's most significant work and a critical text in the history of linguistics, among the earliest systematic proposals for a new universal language to replace Latin. "Calls for a universal language had increased as a result of the flourishing of vernacular literature and... Learn More
    £4,500

    Stock Code: 118632

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  16. 130075
    Dictionary of Early American Philosophers, pp. 889-90). In 1829 Ricord (1788-1865) opened a seminary for young women in Geneva, New York, where she directed..."> First edition of "the first American philosophy and psychology textbook written by a woman and the first book-length academic work to explicitly address gender" (Dictionary of Early American Philosophers, pp. 889-90). In 1829 Ricord (1788-1865) opened a seminary for young women in Geneva, New York, where she directed... Learn More
    £575

    Stock Code: 130075

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  17. 132435
    First edition of Popper's third book, an extensive attack on historicism, "the doctrine that there are general laws of historical development that render the course of history inevitable and predictable... In The Poverty of Historicism, historicism is formally refuted and attributed to two oppositely mistaken views about... Learn More
    £350

    Stock Code: 132435

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  18. 131945comp
    Original offprint of Husserl's last great work, inscribed by him to his student and co-worker, Ludwig Landgrebe, whose printed carte de visite is loosely inserted.
    "Edmund Husserl is undoubtedly one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century. This is true not only because of the profundity, breadth, and rigor... Learn More
    £7,500

    Stock Code: 131945

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  19. 131952
    First edition of Husserl's first book, the initial volume of his Philosophie der Arithmetik. Husserl (18591938) began his career as a mathematician, and it was in search of complete clarity respecting fundamental mathematical concepts that, with the encouragement of Franz Brentano, to whom this work is dedicated, he turned... Learn More
    £3,750

    Stock Code: 131952

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  20. 131142
    First edition of the first great feminist treatise. Mary Wollstonecraft (17591797) argued in her groundbreaking manifesto that the rights of man and of woman were one and the same thing. Her demand for "justice for one-half of the human race" was too revolutionary for her time, but she found a following among radicals and... Learn More
    £18,500

    Stock Code: 131142

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  21. 129302comp
    Having served as Sweden's envoy to the Netherlands, Belgium, the United States, and Switzerland..."> Later edition in book form, presentation copy to the Swedish diplomat and Francophile Count Albert Ehrensvärd, inscribed by Bergson on the half-title, "à Monsieur le Comte Albert Ehrensvärd en dévoué hommage H. Bergson".
    Having served as Sweden's envoy to the Netherlands, Belgium, the United States, and Switzerland... Learn More
    £675

    Stock Code: 129302

    signed

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  22. 127328
    First edition in English, revised and edited by Thomas Jefferson. The French text was first published in 1815 as the fourth volume of Tracy's Traité d'Idéologie (the first separate edition in French was in 1823). The French philosopher Antoine Destutt de Tracy (1754-1836), renowned for coining the word "ideology" in 1796,... Learn More
    £1,500

    Stock Code: 127328

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  23. 118755
    First edition, an excellent association copy linking two of the most important thinkers in the history of liberalism, from the library of the political philosopher and radical Thomas Hill Green (1836-1882), with his ownership inscription to the front free endpaper. Green became an undergraduate at Balliol in 1855 and was... Learn More
    £5,250

    Stock Code: 118755

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  24. 132312
    First UK edition, first impression of one of the most significant works in the philosophy of science. The Logic of Scientific Discovery was originally published in Germany in 1934, and Popper rewrote and republished it in English in 1959, with the New York edition preceding the UK edition. Learn More
    £325

    Stock Code: 132312

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  25. 132306
    First edition, first impression, based on a set of public lectures Russell had delivered in autumn 1917 which were intended to serve as a popular introduction to the system of Principia Mathematica. He wrote the book while serving a six-month prison sentence for an article he wrote alleging that American troops would be... Learn More
    £375

    Stock Code: 132306

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  26. 129414
    First public edition of Hardy's 1942 account of the breach between Russell and Trinity which occurred during the First World War, originally privately printed in 1942. This new edition contains a 4-page foreword by C. D. Broad, explaining the circumstances of the argument and the publication history of the book. Learn More
    £75

    Stock Code: 129414

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  27. 129111
    First edition, first issue (with the errata leaves and textual errors; the errata were corrected and the leaves removed for the second issue), of Holbach's most famous work, "the bible of materialism" (PMM). Holbach, a man of vast humanistic and philosophical knowledge, was also familiar with various branches of science... Learn More
    £1,750

    Stock Code: 129111

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  28. 128660
    A highly appealing collected edition of Diderot's philosophical and theatrical works, printed in the year that the publication of the Encyclopédie finally finished. There were two editions of Diderot's works published in Amsterdam that year, the other being that of Marc Michel Rey, though this is generally accepted to have... Learn More
    £1,500

    Stock Code: 128660

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  29. 118211comp
    First edition, first impression, presentation copy inscribed by the author, "For Harry Zohn, cordially, Cambridge, April 6, 1967". This is the German-born Jewish political theorist's first commercially published book which she began writing in the late 1920s, translated from the German by Richard and Clara Winston. It was... Learn More
    £4,250

    Stock Code: 118211

    signed

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  30. 132151
    First edition printed during Adams's presidency. First printed in London from 1787 to 1788, this is the third American edition overall, following two editions of the first volume only, and is consequently the first complete American edition. A highly significant work of American political philosophy, Adams's wide-ranging... Learn More
    £7,500

    Stock Code: 132151

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  31. 130408comp
    First edition, inscribed "A Monsieur Alexandre Dumas, hommage de l'auteur" on the title page. Dumas père and Gamond likely knew each other professionally through their shared publisher, Maurice Lachâtre. The first principle work that Lachâtre published under the "Administration de librairie" imprint (opened in 1839) was... Learn More
    £850

    Stock Code: 130408

    signed

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  32. 128528
    An affectionate but frustrated autograph letter signed from Wittgenstein to Moritz Schlick, the founder of the Vienna Circle, in which Wittgenstein expresses his regrets over appearing to condone the plagiarism apparent in Rudolf Carnap's most recent paper through his own inaction.
    Wittgenstein received Carnap's offprint,... Learn More
    £22,500

    Stock Code: 128528

    signed

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  33. 126479

    Olbie,

    Paris: an VIII de la République [1800]

    First edition of Say's first publication, inscribed "Monsieur Wardin de la part du fils de l'auteur" in ink on the half-title. Olbie (from the Greek word olbios, meaning happy or beatific) is a small utopian work which Say submitted as an entry to a morality prize competition organised by the Institut National in 1798. It... Learn More
    £15,000

    Stock Code: 126479

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  34. 124953comp
    First edition, Theodor Adorno's copy, inscribed "Theodor W. Adorno, Frankfurt, 1952" on the title page. Bloch and Adorno were good friends and both were heavily influenced by the other; Adorno was particularly fascinated by Bloch's Geist der Utopie (1918), which prompted him to state that "Bloch's was a philosophy that could... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 124953

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  35. 131685
    First edition of this classic of social science, "one of the most remarkable works of the eighteenth century" (PMM). Montesquieu began work on his magnum opus in 1734, and took fifteen years to finish. The book is in six sections: the first dealing with law in general and the different forms of government, the second with... Learn More
    £30,000

    Stock Code: 131685

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  36. 131149
    First edition, inscribed "from the author" on the title page. George Berkeley (1685-1753) wrote Alciphron, a set of philosophical dialogues, in an attempted rebuttal of the insurgent secular intellectual trends of the early enlightenment. Countering the views of John Locke, Bernard de Mandeville, and the third Earl of Shaftesbury,... Learn More
    £3,500

    Stock Code: 131149

    signed

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  37. 130780
    First edition of Bauer's Russia and the Germanic World, one of his major texts on Russia, in which he examines the growing influence of Russian power upon European policy issues and, ultimately, the European philosophical tradition. Written in the wake of the 1848 German revolutions, and inflected with Bauer's disappointment... Learn More
    £575

    Stock Code: 130780

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  38. 130684
    First edition. Smee (1818-1877) considers the implications of whether difference engines, as invented by Babbage, can be considered to be thinking; as of such, the work ranks as among the earliest treatises on artificial intelligence. "In his Process of Thought, Smee was the first to suggest the possibility of information... Learn More
    £350

    Stock Code: 130684

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  39. 129329
    First edition of Proudhon's magnum opus, his analysis of what he saw to be the economic contradictions of 19th-century capitalism, which he felt would lead in time to an anarchist society. Proudhon sent a copy of the book to Karl Marx, then his friend, for review. Marx read it in two days, and was infuriated. "He therefore... Learn More
    £2,250

    Stock Code: 129329

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  40. 129614
    First edition of Freud's translation into German of Mill's Subjection of Women, considered Freud's "only major non-scientific publication" (Norman exhibition catalogue) and his first publication in book form, issued here as volume twelve of Thomas Gompertz's first complete German edition of Mill's works, which began in 1869... Learn More
    £500

    Stock Code: 129614

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  41. 130116
    First edition of Spinoza's great treatise on political theology, a "crystal-clear exposition of the theory of natural right" (PMM). Spinoza's principal work, and the only work published in his lifetime, it blends the traditions of his Hebraic background with Cartesian rationalism. His ethical views are extended into the... Learn More
    £37,500

    Stock Code: 130116

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  42. 131773
    First edition of this classic of social science, "one of the most remarkable works of the eighteenth century" (PMM). Montesquieu began work on his magnum opus in 1734, and took fifteen years to finish. The book is in six sections: the first dealing with law in general and the different forms of government, the second with... Learn More
    £32,500

    Stock Code: 131773

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  43. 68127comp
    First Italian language edition, first impression. Originally published in the US in 1959. Inscribed by the author on the front free endpaper, "a Burt coi migliori vuoti, Van". The recipient was Burton Dreben, an influential Harvard professor and Quine's "closest philosophical ally". Learn More
    £175

    Stock Code: 68127

    signed

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  44. 126555
    First edition of Cournot's study on the use of scientific data in philosophy. Learn More
    £1,100

    Stock Code: 126555

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  45. 126566
    First complete edition, with the false London imprint, of the atheist and materialist philosopher's treatise in which he develops his concept of "ethocracy", or a just state whose main purpose is the general welfare. Three states of the 1773 edition were executed; Tchemerzine cites a two volume edition (which he had not... Learn More
    £1,750

    Stock Code: 126566

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  46. i1
    A letter written by John Stuart Mill to William Carr Sidgwick, elder brother of the philosopher Henry Sidgwick who, together with Mill would be a founding member of The Radical Club, established in 1870, in which Mill announces the forthcoming publication of his new edition of his father's work, The Analysis of the Phenomena... Learn More
    £3,750

    Stock Code: 108158

    signed

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  47. 70151
    RWE returns a book of newly published poems written by a neighbour (" which I have kept longer than was right, from liking & because one is always expecting a better day & mood to read these pastoral verses. I find them always pleasing, with a solid honesty quite free from prettiness or showiness And whilst they particularly... Learn More
    £4,500

    Stock Code: 70151

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  48. 131891
    First edition of Godwin's final collection of philosophical essays. Although the book did show "some slight departures from his earlier thinking, especially with respect to the natural equality of mankind" (ODNB), the work held true to Godwin's radical precepts: "Thoughts on Man is a sustained celebration of the achievements... Learn More
    £575

    Stock Code: 131891

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  49. 121354
    First edition, second issue. Several Papers comprises an issue under a collective title page of the second editions of three Locke economic tracts: Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest and Raising the Value of Money, Short Observations... on Coining Silver Money, and Further Considerations... Learn More
    £7,500

    Stock Code: 121354

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  50. Gedanken von der wahren Schätzung der lebendigen Kräfte
    Very rare first edition of Kant's first book. "In his early years Kant pondered the nature of space and time first from the point of view of Leibniz and then of Newton, but eventually he found both positions unsatisfactory. In his Thoughts on the true estimation of Living Forces the present work he took Leibniz's view and... Learn More
    £22,500

    Stock Code: 115611

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  51. i1
    First edition of Nicolas Gueudeville's translation of Utopia, one of the very few copies with a cancel title printed entirely in black, unseen by Gibson. This copy also contains the often removed plate on K4 verso by Bleyswick, which depicts future spouses in a state of undress as they inspect each other before marriage.... Learn More
    £700

    Stock Code: 113046

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  52. 124093
    First edition, the extremely rare first issue with the fictitious Pékin imprint on the title pages of both parts, in the corrected state. Issued thus to avoid French censorship, but in fact printed in Paris, the Pékin issue was printed in very small numbers and swiftly withdrawn because of a reference made by the editor,... Learn More
    £110,000

    Stock Code: 124093

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  53. An Essay on the Principle of Population;
    Second edition, first published in 1798. "In 1803 Malthus published a greatly expanded second edition of the Essay, incorporating details of the population checks that had been in operation in many different countries and periods. Although nominally a second edition, it was regarded by Malthus as a substantially new work.... Learn More
    £4,500

    Stock Code: 96622

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  54. 130319
    First edition of the first great feminist treatise. Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) argued in her groundbreaking manifesto that the rights of man and of woman were one and the same thing. Her demand for "justice for one-half of the human race" was too revolutionary for her time, but she found a following among radicals and... Learn More
    £25,000

    Stock Code: 130319

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  55. 131300
    First edition of Knight's biography of the Dutch humanist Desiderius Erasmus, who first visited England in 1498, later spending a number of years Cambridge. Samuel Knight was an English clergyman and antiquary, who served as chaplain to King George II from 1730 to 1746 and as Archdeacon of Berkshire from 1735 to 1746. John... Learn More
    £900

    Stock Code: 131300

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  56. 131453comp
    First edition, first printing, of the author's most important work. Presentation copy for review, inscribed by the author on the front free endpaper "James R. Angell from William James July 1907" above a pasted printed slip reading "from the author" with the manuscript addition "reviewed for the International Journal of... Learn More
    £3,750

    Stock Code: 131453

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  57. 120914comp
    First edition, first printing (copyright page signed "A-K", later printings are signed "D-K"), presentation copy inscribed on the front free endpaper, "To my old antagonist Senator Goldwater from his friend Bob Kennedy". This is a great cross-party association for Bobby Kennedy's first book, which concerns the McLellan Committee's... Learn More
    £8,500

    Stock Code: 120914

    signed

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  58. 127485
    Second edition, published in the same year as the rare first edition. The work contains "Nunc lento sonitu dicunt Morieris", with Donne's famous lines (often misremembered as being in verse): "No man is an Iland, intire of it self; every man is a piece of the Continent, a part of the main; if a clod be washed away by the... Learn More
    £12,500

    Stock Code: 127485

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  59. 130932
    First edition, first printing. Fogel's "Fourth Great Awakening" refers to the American religious revival of the 1960s and 1970, as mainstream Protestantism weakened and evangelicalism grew. Fogel's interpretation, which proved controversial, places this development as on a par with the previous "Great Awakenings" - the religious... Learn More
    £35

    Stock Code: 130932

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  60. 130928
    First Gellert edition, first printing. A powerful graphic rendering of Das Kapital by the Hungarian-born American artist Hugo Gellert (1892-1985), published in the midst of the Depression. The accompanying text is from the translations of Ernest Untermann, the first American translator of Kapital, and Eden and Cedar Paul.... Learn More
    £1,250

    Stock Code: 130928

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