Philosophy

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  1. Policraticus de nugis curialium et vestigijs philosophorum continens libros octo.
    JOHN OF SALISBURY. Policraticus de nugis curialium et vestigijs philosophorum continens libros octo.

    Lyon : 1513

    Second edition, first published in Brussels c. 1480, of John of Salisbury's Policraticus. Subtitled De nugis curialium et vestigiis philosophorum (Concerning the Frivolities of Courtiers and the Traditions of the Philosophers), it has been called "the first medieval treatise on political thought" (David Knowles in The Encyclopaedia of Philosophy).... Learn More
    £3,500.00

    Stock Code: 101888

  2. Institutio Oratoria.
    QUINTILIAN, Marcus Fabius. Institutio Oratoria.

    Venice : 1521

    Second Aldine edition, following the first of 1514. The Aldine Quintilian was part of a series of Latin and Greek classics published by this press. This edition is dedicated to Giovanni Battista Ramusio (1485-1557), the Italian geographer and travel writer. Learn More
    £1,800.00

    Stock Code: 121292

  3. The Praise of Folie.
    ERASMUS, Desiderius. The Praise of Folie.

    [London : 1569 [recte 1549]

    Rare first edition in English of one of the most notable works of the Renaissance, a work written in England, when Erasmus was staying in the house of Thomas More in the winter of 1509-10.

    "Its title is a delicate and complimentary play on the name of his host: its subject matter is a brilliant, biting satire on the folly to be found in all walks... Learn More
    £95,000.00

    Stock Code: 108395

  4. De generibus ebriosorum, et ebrietate vitanda:
    [HESSUS, Helius Eobanus.] De generibus ebriosorum, et ebrietate vitanda:

    [Frankfurt : 1557

    The German humanist scholar Eobanus Koch (Coccius) (1488-1540) was considered the foremost Latin poet of his age. His prose work "On the species of drunkards" is a mock-quodlibetical speech that applies the scholastic method of argumentation, first printed anonymously in 1515. His first bestseller, the satire was reprinted in 1516 and 1550 and afterwards... Learn More
    £950.00

    Stock Code: 108213

  5. Della Ragion di Stato, Libri Dieci. Con tre Libri Delle Cause Della Grandezza e Magnificenza Delle Città.
    BOTERO, Giovanni. Della Ragion di Stato, Libri Dieci. Con tre Libri Delle Cause Della Grandezza e Magnificenza Delle Città.

    Venice : 1589

    First edition. Botero's work is in two parts. The first part is his most famous contribution to political philosophy. Entitled "The Reason of State", Botero provides an extended discussion of the moral question of acting in the state's best interests, and offers a direct rebuttal to the ideas espoused by Machiavelli. A champion of the counter-reformation,... Learn More
    £5,500.00

    Stock Code: 124167

  6. Della Ragion di Stato, Libri Dieci.
    BOTERO, Giovanni. Della Ragion di Stato, Libri Dieci.

    Venice : 1589

    First edition of a neglected masterpiece in the history of economics. Schumpeter writes: "Divested of nonessentials, the 'Malthusian' Principle of Population sprang fully developed from the brain of Botero in 1589: populations tend to increase, beyond any assignable limit, to the full extent made possible by human fecundity (the virtus generativa of... Learn More
    £6,500.00

    Stock Code: 126573

  7. A Discourse upon the meanes of wel governing and maintaining in good peace, a kingdome, or other principalitie.
    (MACHIAVELLI.) GENTILLET, Innocent. A Discourse upon the meanes of wel governing and maintaining in good peace, a kingdome, or other principalitie.

    London : 1608

    Second edition in English of the work popularly known as the Anti-Machiavel, following the first English edition of 1602, here in contemporary English vellum. Gentillet's anti-Machiavellian treatise, first published in Geneva in 1576 as Discours sur les moyens de bien gouverner, included extensive excerpts of Machiavelli's The Prince... Learn More
    £3,750.00

    Stock Code: 139023

  8. Essayes.
    MONTAIGNE, Michel de. Essayes.

    London : 1613

    Second edition, based on John Florio's translation of 1603, of Montaigne's Essays, which were first published in French in 1580-88, and were "the basis of the philosophical expansion of the 17th century and the foundation of the English essay" (Harvey & Heseltine, p. 492-3).

    "Florio's extraordinary skill in the use of alliteration,... Learn More
    £5,750.00

    Stock Code: 143191

  9. [Novum Organum sive indicia vera de interpretatione naturae.] Instauratio Magna.
    BACON, Francis. [Novum Organum sive indicia vera de interpretatione naturae.] Instauratio Magna.

    London : 1620

    First edition of this "monumental work on the philosophy of science, on the systematic organization of knowledge, and on the inductive method" (Grolier/Horblit). Bacon's Novum Organum (a "new instrument" to replace the old Organon of Aristotle) had a revolutionary impact on early modern science by laying the foundation of the inductive method.

    "Bacon's... Learn More
    £65,000.00

    Stock Code: 138351

  10. The Essayes or Counsels, civill and morall, of Francis Lo. Verulam, Viscount St. Alban. Newly enlarged.
    BACON, Francis. The Essayes or Counsels, civill and morall, of Francis Lo. Verulam, Viscount St. Alban. Newly enlarged.

    London : 1632

    Third Haviland edition; the economist Nassau William Senior's copy. In 1625 John Haviland published the first complete, and definitive, edition of Bacon's essays, the last to appear in Bacon's lifetime. Comprising fifty-eight essays, it was greatly expanded from the first edition, published in 1597, which numbered just ten essays within a slim octavo... Learn More
    £1,250.00

    Stock Code: 132335

  11. Christian Policie: or, The Christian Common-Wealth.
    JUAN DE SANTA MARÍA, fray. Christian Policie: or, The Christian Common-Wealth.

    London : 1632

    First edition in English; rare. The translation is actually by the Hispanophile James Mabbe, though Edward Blount, as was his habit, signs the dedication as if he were its translator. (A variant issue of the same year has Blount's name instead of Richard Collins's in the imprint: the two booksellers were close neighbours in St Paul's Churchyard.) Edward... Learn More
    £4,000.00

    Stock Code: 81871

  12. Mare Clausum seu De Dominio Maris Libri Duo.
    SELDEN, John. Mare Clausum seu De Dominio Maris Libri Duo.

    London : 1635

    First edition of a "classic of maritime law" (JFB), originally drafted around 1619 at the request of James I for an Anglo-Dutch conference on fishing rights. Among the Dutch representatives was Hugo Grotius, whose Mare Liberum of 1609 had proposed that the seas were free to all. The English lawyer and antiquarian Selden's purpose was to establish the... Learn More
    £2,250.00

    Stock Code: 129464

  13. Discours de la Methode Pour bien conduire sa raison, & chercher la verité dans les sciences.
    DESCARTES, René. Discours de la Methode Pour bien conduire sa raison, & chercher la verité dans les sciences.

    Leiden : 1637

    First edition of Descartes's fundamental work in philosophy and on the method of science. "It is no exaggeration to say that Descartes was the first of modern philosophers and one of the first of modern scientists The revolution he caused can be most easily found in his reassertion of the principle (lost in the Middle Ages) that knowledge, if it is... Learn More
    £150,000.00

    Stock Code: 134577

  14. A Philosophicall Essay Towards an Eviction of the Being and Attributes of God.
    [WARD, Seth.] A Philosophicall Essay Towards an Eviction of the Being and Attributes of God.

    Oxford : 1652

    First edition. This was the first book (excluding his contribution to the 1644 volume Certain Disquisitions and Considerations) published by Seth Ward (1617-1689), then Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, later bishop of Exeter and of Salisbury. The Essay is on the nature of God and the soul in general, but also constitutes... Learn More
    £650.00

    Stock Code: 136679

  15. The Anatomy of Melancholy.
    BURTON, Robert. The Anatomy of Melancholy.

    London : 1652

    Sixth edition, first published in 1621. Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy was "one of the most popular books of the seventeenth century. All the learning of the age as well as its humour - and its pedantry - are there. It has something in common with Brant's Ship of Fools, Erasmus's Praise of Folly, and More's Utopia,... Learn More
    £2,750.00

    Stock Code: 135172

  16. The Common-Wealth of Oceana.
    HARRINGTON, James. The Common-Wealth of Oceana.

    London : 1656

    First edition of Harrington's masterpiece, describing "a Utopian State with a written constitution, providing for a bicameral legislature, rotation in office, the indirect election of a president, secret ballot, and other ideas much in advance of their time, some of which influenced the framers of the U.S. Constitution" (Walker, the Oxford Companion... Learn More
    £7,500.00

    Stock Code: 142407

  17. An Essay Towards a Real Character, And a Philosophical Language.
    WILKINS, John. An Essay Towards a Real Character, And a Philosophical Language.

    London : 1668

    First edition of the theologian and natural philosopher's most significant work and a critical text in the history of linguistics, among the earliest systematic proposals for a new universal language to replace Latin. "Calls for a universal language had increased as a result of the flourishing of vernacular literature and an increasing dissatisfaction... Learn More
    £4,500.00

    Stock Code: 118632

  18. A Philosophicall Discourse concerning Speech,
    CORDEMOY, Louis Géraud de. A Philosophicall Discourse concerning Speech,

    London : 1668

    First edition in English. Géraud de Cordemoy (1626-1684), philosopher, historian and lawyer, was one of the leading Cartesians of his day; his Discours de la parole was first published at Paris in the same year, 1668. "In his day, judging from the speed with which his writings were translated into Latin and English, Cordemoy was a highly respected,... Learn More
    £1,000.00

    Stock Code: 110051

  19. Tractatus theologico-politicus.
    SPINOZA, Baruch. Tractatus theologico-politicus.

    Hamburg : 1670

    First edition of Spinoza's great treatise on political theology, a "crystal-clear exposition of the theory of natural right" (PMM). The only work published in his lifetime, it blends the traditions of Spinoza's Hebraic background with Cartesian rationalism. His ethical views are extended into the realm of politics, and contain the first lucid... Learn More
    £37,500.00

    Stock Code: 130116

  20. The Interest of Princes and States.
    [BETHEL, Slingsby.] The Interest of Princes and States.

    London : 1680

    First edition of Bethel's observations on the commercial and constitutional circumstances of different states, based on his travels around Europe in the 1660s after serving in the Rump Parliament. The section on England is expanded from his The Present Interest of England Stated of 1671. Bethel, a republican, is careful not to attack the British Restoration,... Learn More
    £950.00

    Stock Code: 132095

  21. Auteurs deguisez sous des noms étrangers;
    BAILLET, Adrien. Auteurs deguisez sous des noms étrangers;

    Paris : 1690

    First edition of the first work in French devoted to pseudonyms. "Unlike Latin works on pseudonyms of the period, Baillet does not simply unmask authors who have written under assumed names; instead he offers a history of the practices, civil and ecclesiastical, of naming and re-naming, as well as a reflection on and a limited justification for the... Learn More
    £400.00

    Stock Code: 128678

  22. An Essay concerning Humane Understanding.
    LOCKE, John. An Essay concerning Humane Understanding.

    London : 1690

    First edition, the Holt issue, traditionally considered the first. Locke worked for nearly two decades on his investigation of "the certainty and the adequacy of human knowledge" (PMM), and the resulting landmark work influenced many Enlightenment philosophers. The marginal annotations in this copy are proof of early and intelligent commentary,... Learn More
    £50,000.00

    Stock Code: 111580

  23. A Brief Disquisition of the Law of Nature,
    TYRRELL, James. A Brief Disquisition of the Law of Nature,

    London : 1692

    First edition, possibly early state as this copy does not include the errata leaf and leaf f1 is not cancelled and replaced with a bifolium, as is the case for the copy collated in ESTC. A Brief Disquisition of the Law of Nature is an abridged translation by political theorist and historian James Tyrrell of Richard Cumberland's treatise heralding English... Learn More
    £1,250.00

    Stock Code: 114483

  24. A Discourse Concerning the Nature of Man,
    LOWDE, James. A Discourse Concerning the Nature of Man,

    London : 1694

    First edition. Although it is Hobbes who is named in the title, the first object of Lowde's attack is Locke and his perceived moral relativism; Locke took pains to answer Lowde in the second edition of the Essay. Learn More
    £2,250.00

    Stock Code: 124554

  25. Of the Consolation of Philosophy.
    BOETHIUS. Of the Consolation of Philosophy.

    London : 1695

    First edition of Preston's translation of one of the most notable works of western philosophy, which includes "The Life of Boethius" and "The Testimonies of several writers concerning Boethius translated" in the preliminaries.

    Boethius is considered "the fundamental philosophical and theological author in the Latin tradition" and "one of the... Learn More
    £950.00

    Stock Code: 116724

  26. An Essay in Defence of the Female Sex.
    DRAKE, Judith. An Essay in Defence of the Female Sex.

    London : 1696

    Second edition, published the same year as the first, of "one of the greatest works of early modern 'feminism'" (Smith, p. 727), already in its third edition by 1697.

    Anonymously published, and previously attributed to Mary Astell or Jane Barker, the Essay is now generally credited as the work of author and medical practitioner Judith... Learn More
    £3,000.00

    Stock Code: 140062

  27. Christianity not Mysterious:
    [TOLAND, John.] Christianity not Mysterious:

    London : 1696 [i.e. late 1695]

    First edition of the author's most significant work, and a key text of Deistic theory. "Toland was but twenty-five when his most famous work, Christianity not Mysterious, anonymously appeared late in 1695 (with a 1696 imprint). In it he argued that no tenets of true Christianity could be contrary to or above human reason, for if they were they would... Learn More
    £1,000.00

    Stock Code: 136977

  28. Several Papers Relating to Money, Interest and Trade, &c.
    LOCKE, John. Several Papers Relating to Money, Interest and Trade, &c.

    London : 1696

    First edition, second issue. Several Papers comprises an issue under a collective title page of the second editions of three Locke economic tracts: Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest and Raising the Value of Money, Short Observations... on Coining Silver Money, and Further Considerations Concerning Raising the Value... Learn More
    £7,500.00

    Stock Code: 121354

  29. The Method to Science.
    S[ERGEANT], J[ohn]. The Method to Science.

    London : 1696

    First edition of one of the principal works of the Roman Catholic controversialist and philosopher John Sergeant (1623-1707). "A more thoroughgoing Aristotelian critique of Locke came from... John Sergeant, who, as a Catholic, stood outside the clerical assaults emanating from the established church. Sergeant's critique of Locke was part of a more wide-ranging... Learn More
    £2,000.00

    Stock Code: 110050

  30. Posthumous Works:
    LOCKE, John. Posthumous Works:

    London : 1706

    First edition, edited by Locke's literary editors, Anthony Collins and Peter King. The collection prints for the first time, among other works, Locke's Conduct of the Understanding, his Discourse on Miracles, and part of the Fourth Letter for Toleration, which was not printed in its entirety until 1829. Learn More
    £1,250.00

    Stock Code: 142619

  31. Some Familiar Letters between Mr. Locke, and Several of his Friends.
    LOCKE, John. Some Familiar Letters between Mr. Locke, and Several of his Friends.

    London : 1708, 1697 & 1699

    A handsome group of first editions of three separate works, bound uniformly, with identical early female ownership. They are numbered 1-3, in reverse date order, with the posthumous collection of 1708 coming first, followed by two of Locke's replies to Edward Stillingfleet in their pamphlet war over the theory of knowledge as related to the Essay... Learn More
    £3,000.00

    Stock Code: 142494

  32. Voyages et avantures de Jaques Masse.
    TYSSOT DE PATOT, Simon. Voyages et avantures de Jaques Masse.

    Bourdeaux [i.e. The Hague] : 1710 [i.e. around 1714]

    First edition of this early utopian novel, "the best-known of all the radical philosophical novels of the Early Enlightenment" and which "surpassed practically every other work of philosophical fiction of the age for notoriety" (Israel, pp. liii and lvi). The novel details a Frenchman shipwrecked off South Africa - the co-ordinates are given as 60E/44S,... Learn More
    £1,500.00

    Stock Code: 123204

  33. De antiquissima italorum sapientia ex linguae latinae originibus eruenda libri tres.
    VICO, Giambattista. De antiquissima italorum sapientia ex linguae latinae originibus eruenda libri tres.

    Naples : 1710

    First edition of the Italian philosopher, historian, and jurist's fullest statement of the verum factum principle ("the true is precisely what is made"), the first book in the unrealised series of three outlining his anti-Cartesian philosophical system. The 1710 edition is extremely rare; there is only one previous auction record from 2008,... Learn More
    £7,500.00

    Stock Code: 116811

  34. De Mensura sortis, seu, de Probabilitate Eventuum in Ludis a Casu Fortuito Pendentibus.
    MOIVRE, Abraham de. De Mensura sortis, seu, de Probabilitate Eventuum in Ludis a Casu Fortuito Pendentibus.

    London : 1712.

    First edition of de Moivre's first paper on probability, a 52-page memoir in Latin contributed to the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

    "Nearly all of De Mensura Sortis was later incorporated into de Moivre's book The Doctrine of Chances (1718, 1738, 1756), which was the most important textbook on probability theory until the... Learn More
    £5,500.00

    Stock Code: 134899

  35. Risposta … nella quale si sciogliono tre gravi oppositioni fatte da dotto signore contral il primo libro De Antiquissima Italorum Sapientia, &c. overo della Metafisica degli Antichissimi Filosofi Italiani;
    VICO, Giambattista. Risposta … nella quale si sciogliono tre gravi oppositioni fatte da dotto signore contral il primo libro De Antiquissima Italorum Sapientia, &c. overo della Metafisica degli Antichissimi Filosofi Italiani;

    Naples : 1711 & 1712

    First edition of Vico's two important Replies, in which he defends and elucidates his views on the theory of knowledge and metaphysics, in response to the criticisms levied against De antiquissima sapientia by the Giornale dei letterati d'Italia in 1711. Both are uncommon, with no copies traced in historical auction records, and WorldCat locating just... Learn More
    £8,500.00

    Stock Code: 123877

  36. The Fable of the Bees:
    [MANDEVILLE, Bernard.] The Fable of the Bees:

    London : 1714

    Rare first edition, first issue, of this "celebrated work, which through Adam Smith, had an immense influence on political economy" (Foxwell). The work originated in 1705 as a poem titled The Grumbling Hive (essentially unobtainable in the market); this is the first edition to contain the 20 "Remarks" which annotate and explain various lines in the... Learn More
    £17,500.00

    Stock Code: 138116

  37. An Essay upon Government:
    BURNETT, Thomas. An Essay upon Government:

    London : 1716

    First edition. Thomas Burnet(t) (d. 1750) was a priest and theologian who delivered sermons as part of the Boyle Lectures. His work consisted of explicatory essays on Christianity, including one aimed at children, as well as philosophical essays which "attempt to reason logically from positions assumed as axiomatic" (ODNB), such as the present work.... Learn More
    £300.00

    Stock Code: 116289

  38. The Works.
    MACHIAVELLI, Niccolò. The Works.

    London : 1720

    Though styled the third edition on the title page, this is the fourth collected edition in English, following the editions of 1675, 1680, and 1694. The book contains translations of all of Machiavelli's best known works: The History of Florence, The Prince, The Discourses, and The Art of War.

    The translation... Learn More
    £2,000.00

    Stock Code: 139061

  39. Lehr-Sätze über die Monadologie…
    LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm von. Lehr-Sätze über die Monadologie…

    Frankfurt & Leipzig : 1720

    Exceedingly scarce first appearance in print of the Monadology, Leibniz's most mature philosophical work and one of the most important philosophical texts of the period. This appealing contemporary Sammelband gathers the earliest Monadology with the German translation of Leibniz and Clark's correspondence and Fontenelle's account of... Learn More
    £95,000.00

    Stock Code: 127048

  40. An Enquiry Whether A general Practice of Virtue tends to the Wealth or Poverty, Benefit or Disadvantage of a People?
    [BLEWITT, George.] An Enquiry Whether A general Practice of Virtue tends to the Wealth or Poverty, Benefit or Disadvantage of a People?

    London : 1725

    First edition of this counterblast to Bernard Mandeville. Blewitt's treatise is firstly against the Fable of the Bees, in which Mandeville argued private greed and vice benefit the public as a whole. The Fable was first published in book-form in 1714 but had a resurgence in the mid-1720s with enlarged second, third, and fourth editions published in... Learn More
    £975.00

    Stock Code: 134421

  41. An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue;
    HUTCHESON, Francis. An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue;

    London : 1726

    Second edition, expanded and enlarged, first published the previous year. The philosopher Francis Hutcheson (1694-1746), a major influence on the Scottish enlightenment, wrote the present treatises on aesthetics and ethics while running a private academy in Dublin. Borrowing heavily from Shaftesbury, Hutcheson argues in favour of an inborn moral sense,... Learn More
    £850.00

    Stock Code: 128586

  42. The Life of Erasmus.
    KNIGHT, Samuel. The Life of Erasmus.

    Cambridge : 1726

    First edition of Knight's biography of the Dutch humanist Desiderius Erasmus, who first visited England in 1498, later spending a number of years Cambridge. Samuel Knight was an English clergyman and antiquary, who served as chaplain to King George II from 1730 to 1746 and as Archdeacon of Berkshire from 1735 to 1746. John Jortin, a subsequent biographer... Learn More
    £900.00

    Stock Code: 131300

  43. Vita scritta da se medesimo.
    VICO, Giambattista. Vita scritta da se medesimo.

    Venice : 1728

    First edition of Vico's autobiography, argued by Croce to be "the application of the Scienza Nuova to the life of its author, the course of his own individual history" (p. 266), printed as pages 145-256 in the first volume of Calogerà's Raccolta d'opusculi scientifici e filologici, a quarterly miscellany.

    "A Proposal to the Scholars of Italy",... Learn More
    £4,750.00

    Stock Code: 123878

  44. Cinque libri de' principj d'una scienza nuova d'intorno alla comune natura delle nazioni.
    VICO, Giambattista. Cinque libri de' principj d'una scienza nuova d'intorno alla comune natura delle nazioni.

    Naples : 1730

    A remarkable copy of the radically altered second edition of Vico's masterpiece, annotated by the author on more than 100 pages, many of the corrections and addenda being later included in the final, posthumous third edition of 1744. Vico's work had originally been conceived as a monumental work in two quarto volumes, to be printed in Florence at Cardinal... Learn More
    £18,500.00

    Stock Code: 123497

  45. Alciphron: or, the Minute Philosopher.
    BERKELEY, George. Alciphron: or, the Minute Philosopher.

    London : 1732

    First edition, inscribed on the title page "from the author". In Alciphron Berkeley rebuts the insurgent secular intellectual trends of the early Enlightenment. Countering the views of Locke, Mandeville, and the third Earl of Shaftesbury, who collectively manifest as the conceited free thinkers Lysicles and Alciphron, Berkeley defends traditional... Learn More
    £3,500.00

    Stock Code: 131149

  46. Fratris Rogeri Bacon, ordinis minorum, Opus Majus
    BACON, Roger. Fratris Rogeri Bacon, ordinis minorum, Opus Majus

    London : 1733

    First edition, one of 30 large paper copies, of Bacon's most important work, one of the supreme philosophical and scientific achievements of the Middle Ages. William Bowyer's records show a further 220 copies were printed on smaller paper.

    The Opus Majus was written in the 1260s but remained unpublished until the present edition. Samuel... Learn More
    £6,250.00

    Stock Code: 128868

  47. Discourses concerning Religion and Government, Inscribed to all Lovers of Truth and Liberty.
    RADICATI, Alberto, Conte di Passerano. Discourses concerning Religion and Government, Inscribed to all Lovers of Truth and Liberty.

    London : 1734

    First edition in English of a scarce work by the Italian philosopher and radical free thinker count Alberto Radicati, mentioned by Berkeley in his Theory of Vision vindicated, with reference to his 1732 work on death. Exiled from Italy, Radicati settled first in England, then in the Netherlands, publishing both in English and in French. Learn More
    £1,250.00

    Stock Code: 115143

  48. A Treatise of Human Nature:
    HUME, David. A Treatise of Human Nature:

    London : 1739-40

    First edition of Hume's first great work, rarely found thus, complete in three volumes, with two of five leaves which Chuo notes as often cancelled in the uncancelled state (A4 and F6 of volume 3). Hume composed the first two books before he was 25 during his three years in France. He returned to London with the finished manuscript by mid-September... Learn More
    £125,000.00

    Stock Code: 120809

  49. Maximi Tyrii Dissertationes,
    MAXIMUS OF TYRE. Maximi Tyrii Dissertationes,

    London : 1740

    First edition edited by the "outstanding classical scholar" Jeremiah Markland, described by the printer and publisher John Nichols as "one of the most learned and penetrating critics of the eighteenth century" (cited in ODNB). This handsome quarto was printed by the learned and highly accomplished William Bowyer. Maximus of Tyre was a second century... Learn More
    £400.00

    Stock Code: 141409

  50. A treatise concerning the truth of the Christian religion.
    BURNET, Gilbert; LOCKE, John. A treatise concerning the truth of the Christian religion.

    Glasgow : 1743

    First Foulis edition of both works, and the first appearance in print of Burnet treatise, with Locke's treatise originally published in his posthumous works in 1706. The terminal advertisement leaves for Robert Foulis's press are present, and include an advertisement for his upcoming edition of Plato's Republic, the first edition in English. An uncommon... Learn More
    £750.00

    Stock Code: 126863

  51. Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflexions and Inquiries Concerning the Virtues of Tar Water,
    BERKELEY, George. Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflexions and Inquiries Concerning the Virtues of Tar Water,

    Dublin : 1744

    First edition, presentation copy with "From the Author" written in a contemporary hand on the front free endpaper, and from the library of the Bloomsbury Group member Lytton Strachey, with his bookplate to the front pastedown. Strachey's library contained various works by 18th-century philosophers, reflecting his own interest in philosophy and the intense... Learn More
    £1,750.00

    Stock Code: 135077

  52. Principes du droit naturel.
    BURLAMAQUI, Jean Jacques. Principes du droit naturel.

    Geneva : 1747

    First edition of the Swiss legal and political theorist's principal work, an important influence on the American Founding Fathers. A natural law professor at the University of Geneva, Burlamaqui (1694-1748) conceived of his treatise as a general introduction to his subject intended for students, but its success and influence far exceeded his expectations.... Learn More
    £3,500.00

    Stock Code: 113546

  53. De l'Esprit des loix.
    [MONTESQUIEU, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de.] De l'Esprit des loix.

    Geneva : [1748]

    First edition of this classic of social science, "one of the most remarkable works of the eighteenth century" (PMM), very rare complete with the errata in the final state.

    Several emendations were made to the text after some copies had been issued, including cancelling certain leaves which had risky statements on monarchy, on Richelieu, and on... Learn More
    £32,500.00

    Stock Code: 131773

  54. Poems on several Occasions.
    SMITH, Adam - HAMILTON, William. Poems on several Occasions.

    Glasgow : 1748

    First edition of Hamilton's poems, with a preface by Adam Smith, his first appearance in print. Learn More
    £3,750.00

    Stock Code: 125751

  55. The Philosophical Principles of Natural and Revealed Religion.
    RAMSAY, Andrew Michael. The Philosophical Principles of Natural and Revealed Religion.

    Glasgow : 1748-9

    First edition of Ramsay's great work, left unpublished at his death in 1743, and given by his wife to Foulis, and seen through the press thanks to the good offices of Hutcheson and, after his death in 1746, John Stevenson. "It reiterated many of the arguments of Ramsay's Cyrus, but made more explicit his attempt to reconcile Newtonian ideas to his own... Learn More
    £3,250.00

    Stock Code: 90441

  56. Man a Machine.
    LA METTRIE, Julien Offray de. Man a Machine.

    London : 1750 [&] 1717

    Second editions of both these classics of 18th-century determinist and materialist thinking. Man a Machine was first published in English translation in 1749, following the French edition, L'Homme Machine, in 1748. It served as La Mettrie's materialist manifesto, denying the existence of the human soul as separate from matter. The great hostility his... Learn More
    £300.00

    Stock Code: 128566

  57. Les Animaux plus que Machines.
    [LA METTRIE, Julien Offray de.] Les Animaux plus que Machines.

    [Berlin : 1750

    First edition of La Mettrie's ironic refutation of his own L'Homme Machine of 1748. The present treatise continues to espouse La Mettrie's materialistic vision of the world, and was written during the author's stay in Berlin under the protection of Frederick the Great, although its radical themes still led La Mettrie and the publisher to conceal their... Learn More
    £1,500.00

    Stock Code: 128985

  58. Reflexions on the Sources of Incredulity with Regard to Religion.
    [FORBES, Duncan.] Reflexions on the Sources of Incredulity with Regard to Religion.

    Edinburgh : 1750

    First edition of the Scottish politician and judge's final theological tract, published posthumously. One of Forbes's (1685-1747) "enthusiasms, following from his admiration of the works of John Hutchinson, author of Moses's principia, was the study of the Old Testament in Hebrew. He wrote three short tracts, published in 1732, 1735, and posthumously,... Learn More
    £400.00

    Stock Code: 102357

  59. An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals.
    HUME, David. An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals.

    London : 1751

    First edition, first issue, a reworking of part three of his Treatise of Human Nature. "No work, it seems, gave Hume himself more pleasure: 'in my own opinion (who ought not to judge on that subject), it is of all my writings, historical, philosophical, or literary, incomparably the best' ('My Own Life', in Essays, xxxvi). Instead... Learn More
    £4,750.00

    Stock Code: 135995

  60. Le Siecle de Louis XIV.
    [VOLTAIRE.] Le Siecle de Louis XIV.

    Berlin : 1751

    First edition, with a fine Bloomsbury Group provenance, presented by Lytton Strachey to Frances Marshall later Frances Partridge upon marriage, with a notation of the presentation in the latter's hand "Frances Marshall from Lytton 1931" in pencil on the front free endpaper. At the time of the presentation, Frances was the lover of Ralph Partridge,... Learn More
    £4,250.00

    Stock Code: 131267

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