Collection of 40 books from his personal library, retrieved by his friends and agents, the Bruce family.
Including books given to Hemingway as Christmas and birthday presents and inscribed to him by his parents and close relatives.1906-50 Stock Code: 107595
NotesThe collection includes 40 books from Ernest Hemingway's personal library, including nine books signed by Hemingway, and 18 books inscribed to Hemingway from family and fellow authors and editors. Many are from childhood and young adolescence, yet some track across Hemingway's travels in Spain, Paris, and back to the United States. Due to the books' storage at Sloppy Joe's Saloona storied, seedy bar in Key West frequented by Hemingway, and owned by a figure who inspired the protagonist of To Have and Have Notthey bear significant damage to their exterior covers, though the interior content is often in quite good condition.
The books, especially those from early in Hemingway's life, are often tied to or inscribed by figures who would appear, veiled or semi-veiled, in his later fiction (such as his father, Clarence Hemingway, or former girlfriend Marjorie Bump). These early books were mostly given to young Hemingway on holidays and birthdays. The books and their inscriptions portray Hemingway as a cherished part of the family, and whimsical and inquisitive youthan image slightly at odds with his older, stoic persona. Included is a copy of Longfellow's Hiawatha lovingly dedicated by Hemingway's mother; Hemingway used the book to stage performances with his sister, Marcelline. Lengthy annotations and doodles in Elements of Debate by a teenage Hemingway reveal both an engagement with moral issues as well as a short attention span. Other childhood books (here included) indicate the wanderlust and strident nationalism (such as in the included Little Journey series, as well as True to the Old Flag) that Hemingway would alternately champion and critique in later years. They also reveal educational material on Hemingway's by-now famous interests in sports, hunting, and bull fighting.
The books index Hemingway's early writing influences, and particularly the influences he sought to emulate in his first serious works. O. Henrywhose story collection, Rolling Stones, signed by Hemingway, is includedwas one of Hemingway's three favourite writers before going off to war, and served as the sole imitable model for fiction when he returned, when Hemingway was just beginning his famous Michigan stories.
Reading proved an invaluable fuel for Hemingway; it was his primary preferred activity aside from writing. In his Paris Review interview, Hemingway remarked that, "I'm always reading booksas many as there are. I ration myself on them so that I'll always be in supply." An autodidact who never attended college, and perceived as an unlearned "man's man" in Paris, Hemingway took his reading seriously. His methodical path to self-education can be seen in a reading list he created for an apprentice, Arnold Samuelson, which lists classic writers like Tolstoy, Brontë, and E. E. Cummings. Reading served a very specific and personal function to Hemingway: to feed his own work, and offer a standard to judge this work against. In his Paris Review interview, he is hesitant to appear pretentious by enumerating too many influences, bringing attention instead to these writers' practical impact on him. He says, it would "sound as though I were claiming an erudition I did not possess instead of trying to remember all the people who have been an influence on my life and work."
Michael Reynolds, Hemingway Biographer and crafter of a comprehensive list of Hemingway's library, suggests that "Hemingway's reading was more important to his art and to his life than Coleridge's was to his." Reynolds's book Hemingway's Reading 1910-1940 incorporates two inventories of Hemingway's work: one from 1940, upon his departure for Havana from Key West, and a later 1955 inventory. Though Reynolds's book touches on 2,304 items, it does not include many of these books that were obtained by Hemingway in his childhood, youth, and formative years.
These books come from Toby and Betty Bruce. Toby Bruce was a close friend and assistant to Hemingway; it was Toby who moved some of these books into a storeroom at Sloppy Joe's Saloon. Mary Hemingway sorted through the material in Sloppy Joe's, donating select materials to the John F. Kennedy Library, and leaving the remainder to the Bruces.
Nine books signed by Hemingway.
18 books inscribed to Hemingway, often from family members and other authors, editors, and writers.
13 books owned by Hemingway with no signatures or inscriptions.
Signed Books by Ernest Hemingway
Annuaire Tauromanchique Bullfighting Directory. Marseille: Librarie Du Chapitre, 1925; 8vo; paper cover heavily foxed, back corner dog-eared, interior book in good condition with occasional stain; signed "Ernest Hemingway" in black ink. This edition was published in 1925; in the summer of 1925, Hemingway was deeply engaged in writing the novel Sun Also Rises (15,000 words completed by August), which features bullfighting at its centre, while watching the actual bullfights in Spain.
Dunsterville, L. C. Stalky's Reminiscences. London: Jonathan Cape, 1928; 8vo; substantial abrasions on cover, especially to spine, book itself only has minor and occasional foxing, as well as non-obtrusive, tiny holes; signed in pencil, "Ernest Hemingway." Inside the back cover is a note: "Write story of death of indecipherable, potentially Taylor with flu in Milan." Hemingway was treated in Milan from wounds received in action, where he famously fell in love with the nurse Agnes von Kurowsky, who jilted him on his return to the US. Hemingway was paranoid of the flu at this point, as the 1917-18 epidemic of Spanish influenza had claimed more American lives than WWI. While in Milan recovering, Hemingway wrote an unpublished story about a man hospitalized while an aviator dies of the flu down the ward, and is fearful of contracting the same illness. The combination of tragic death by illness and the location of Milan also resembles Hemingway's later recasting of his ill-fated affair with Agnes von Kurowsky in A Farewell to Arms.
George, Marian M. A Little Journey to Germany. Chicago: A. Flanagan Co., 1902. 8vo; light discolorations within pages, light stains on edge of pages; cover lightly abraded; signed "Ernest M. Hemingway" in blue ink.
George, Marian & M. Ida Dean. Little Journeys to Holland, Belgium and Denmark. Chicago: A Flanagan Co., 1902. 8vo; very light stains on ends of papers, very light abrasion to cover; crest on back cover has been partially filled-in with ink (possibly by Hemingway), signed "Ernest M. Hemingway 1909" in pencil traced over with ink on inside of front board. These two works are some of the earliest extant books owned by Hemingway, ten at the time of their receipt, living in Oak Park. Hemingway's early interest in exotic and distant locales was fostered by these books, despite his only travelling to Michigan.
Henry, O. Rolling Stones. London: Hodder & Stoughton, n.d. 8vo; cloth cover heavily damaged with missing spine, light foxing throughout; signed in red ink, "Lieut. Ernest M. Hemingway Gibraltar 1919." Edition likely purchased in Gibraltar during the three days Hemingway spent there in 1919 after being discharged from the Red Cross due to wounds received in service. The template provided by O. Henry proved a serviceable onethe only style of his three favorite, pre-service authors (the others were Kipling and Stewart Edward White) Hemingway could see himself working from.
Lyon, Leverett S. Elements of Debate. A Manual for Use in High Schools and Academies. Third Impression. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1915. 8vo; hardcover bears light signs of wear, rare presence of a small light stain; inscription in front, in pen, reads, "Ernest Hemingway 202 Miss Dixin English teacher 1 Prove she has a legal right. 2 Prove that she had a right to tax them in the particular in the particular way." Inside shows an occasional cluster of substantial annotations by Hemingway in pen and pencil. This book bears a number of annotations and markings from a school-age Hemingway. Most elaborate is a large pencil tableau doodled on the title page; a tree rises up from the U. Chicago crest (the publisher), and a zig-zagging snake passes beneath. On page 18, Hemingway answers a question to "point out the weaknesses in the following propositions." He writes holographic ink responses to queries like "Physics, Chemistry, and Algebra are Hard Studies" ("too damn true," suggesting his later laconic personal voice) and "Only Useful Studies Should be Taught in This School" ("begging the question"). On page 19, under a heading for "Determining the Issues," Hemingway writes in pencil, "Write out a proposition and write out 3 issues." A small, ambiguous pencil doodle on page 64. In the appendix, on page 128, Hemingway has marked the "affirmative" side of an argument for capital punishment to be abolished. On pages 130 and 131, he also marks arguments against intercollegiate football, and for establishment of child labor laws. Overall, an interesting insight into Hemingway's absent minded school diversions and simultaneous exploration of the social and ethical issues of his day.
Munn, Charles Clark. The Heart of Uncle Terry. Boston: Lothrop, Lee and Separd Co., 1915. 8vo; red cloth cover abraded heavily on spine, pages beginning to separate from front hinge inside; light ink stains on outsider of pages; signed in pencil, "Ernest Hemingway July 21 1915." This book has been inscribed on Hemingway's 16th birthday (and hence is likely a gift).
Plumeta, Leonce Andre. La Tauromachie Modern Modern Bullfighting. Nimes: Imprimerie Regionale, 1913. 8vo; paper cover heavily foxed and dog-eared, spine missing, interior also foxed; inscribed in pencil, "Ernest Hemingway," with additional pencil scribblings (mainly calculations) on the back cover. This is one item in Hemingway's expansive collection of information on bullfighting. In his classic work on the subject, Death in the Afternoon, he lists 2,077 consulted sources.
Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island Arranged for Young Readers. New York: Gilbert H. McKibbin; 8vo; red cloth cover heavily degraded, spine missing, light stains on interior text; signed in pencil, "Leicester Hemingway," presumably by Hemingway's younger brother, then "Ernest Miller Hemingway Christmas 1911," in pen. As Leicester was born in 1915, Hemingway's Christmas present was likely bequeathed to or stolen by Leicester after originally coming into Hemingway's possession in 1911.
Books Inscribed to or From Hemingway
Brackett, Charles. American Colony. New York: Horace Liveright, 1929; 8vo; tan cover heavily
abraded in front and back with cloth over spine entirely gone, light to medium foxing throughout; inscribed in ink, "Just a lesson in tenderness for E. Hemingway from C. Brackett September 11th."
Carruth, Hayden. Track's End. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1911. 8vo; blue cloth; heavy
abrasion to cover, though image and title are clearly visible; inscribed in pencil "Ernest
Hemingway Oak Park Ill Illinois" in Hemingway's mother's hand, inscribed below also in pencil in a different hand "Ernest from Marc Xmas 1914."
Carlos Baker's Ernest Hemingway Selected Letters 1917-1961 cites the abbreviated "Marc" as referring to Hemingway's older sister, Marcelline Hemingway.
Connor, Ralph. The Prospector. New York: Grosset & Dunlop, 1904. 8vo; spine abraded, ink
spots on outside edge of pages (though not present on inside text); light foxing and occasional transparent stains throughout; inscribed, "Ernest Hemingway, Xmas 1912 at Labion, Ill. From the Hines Cousins."
Dodge, Mary Mapes. Hans Brinker of The Silver Skates. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1907. 8vo;
light damage to cloth cover, pages lightly fox, back cover detached from spine but holding; inscribed in ink, "For Ernest Miller Hemingway with love from his mother on his ninth birthday anniversary July 21st 1908 Windemere Walloon Lake Mich." The inscribed location, Windemere, refers to the Hemingway family cottage built on Walloon Lake in 1899.
Girbal, F. Hernandez. Una vida triunfal: Julian Gayarre biografia novelesca. Madrid: Talleres
Tipograficos Velasco, 1931; 8vo; paper cover worn around edges, spine peeling, endpapers moderately foxed; inscribed "with affection" by the author in Spanish, "Ernest Hemingway journalist, writer, a good friend of everything Spanish. Madrid October 1937."
Hancock, H. Irving. The Motor Club of Kennebec or the Secret of Smugglers' Island.
Philadelphia: Henry Attemus Co., 1909; Inscribed "Merry Christmas to Ernest from Harold" in ink.
"Harold" is presumably Harold Sampson, childhood companion of Hemingway in Oak Park, who often accompanied Hemingway to Walloon Lake for activities like hunting and swimming. Sampson offered a model of emulation for the more withdrawn and inarticulate childhood Hemingway, being quicker, and more verbose.
Hemingway, Ernest. The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories. New York: Charles
Scribner's Sons, 1938. 8vo; very light dampstains on cover, medium foxing inside covers on both sides and first few pages of the book; inscribed "yours very truly Ernest Hemingway" on recto of first page.
Henty, G.A. True to the Old Flag: A Tale of the American War of Independence. New York: A.L
Burt. 8vo; light foxing to pages, light dampstains on cover; holographic marking on endpaper reads, "Many happy returns of July 21st to Ernest from 'Boofie,'" dated also 1909.
A book given on the occasion of Hemingway's birthday in the summer of 1909. The editors of Cambridge's The Letters of Ernest Hemingway speculate that "boofie" may refer to Ruth Arnold, a housekeeper for the Hemingway family. The devotion of Arnold to Hemingway's mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, produced rumors of a potential lesbian relationship, spurring Arnold's exile.
Landor, A. Henry. An Explorer's Adventures in Tibet. New York: Harper's, 1910; 8vo; cloth
cover of the book heavily degraded, especially around spine, interior pages in good condition; inscribed by Hemingway's mother, "Ernest Miller Hemingway with love from Mother Christmas 1917."
Lewis, Gertrude Russell. A Designer of Dawns and Other Tales: Little Stories of the Here and
There. Boston & Chicago: The Pilgrim Press, 1917; 8vo; cover lightly worn, light foxing to endpapers; inscribed in an unknown hand, "Mr. Ernest Hemingway From 400 Oak Park Christmas 1917."
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. The Song of Hiawatha. New York: Maynard, Merrill, & Co.,
1899. 8vo; grey-green cloth cover distressed on front, with cloth ripped off spine, showing significant abrasion all over, interior of text in good condition, however; inscribed in pencil, "Ernest M. Hemingway from his loving mother. August 1st, 1905. Windemere."
This is one of the earliest books from Hemingway's library; in 1905, he was six years old. As a child, Hemingway would often act out passages from Hiawatha with his older sister Marcelline, who would play the role of the Arrow-maker's daughter among the Dacotahs.
Markham, Richard. Colonial Days. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1881. 4to; cover heavily
worn and abraded, though cover image and title still visible, spine detached, right edge of pages bent; inscribed "To Ernest Miller Hemingway from Uncle Leceister."
Inscribed by Leicester Hall, Hemingway's maternal uncle, who had decamped to California and Alaska on a gold-finding mission, only to settle in Bakersfield as a lawyer.
Rostand, Edmond. Cyrano de Bergerac. Washington, D.C.: National Home Library Association,
1933. 8vo; purple leather cover, back portion torn off in one corner and heavily creased in another, light abrasions, light discoloration on inside front and back pages; inscribed "to Ernest Hemingway with kind regards Sherman Mittell." Mittell was the editor of National Home Library Association.
Saroyan, William. A Christmas Psalm. San Francisco: Gelber, Lilienthal, Inc., 1935. 4to; good
condition, with a few small holes not obstructing text; this volume is number 164 in a set of two hundred, signed by Saroyan; bears inscription, "Xmas greetings to Ernest Hemingway: William Saroyan."
The inscription and gift from Saroyan are interesting, as this period was marked by animosity and vitriol between the two writers. Saroyan had published The Daring Young Men on the Flying Trapeze in 1934, which presumptuously references modernists like Hemingway, Joyce, and Faulkner. Hemingway had responded with an essay for Esquire entitled "Notes on Life and Letters." In the piece, Hemingway took aim at New York writers generally, who he called "angleworms in a bottle, trying to derive knowledge and nourishment from their own contact and from the bottle," and Saroyan specifically, who he addressed directly by saying, "You're brightbut you're not that bright."
Schultz, James Willard. On the Warpath. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1914; 8vo; cloth cover
has heavy wear, especially at spine, but cover image and title are clear; inscribed in ink in mother's hand, "Ernest Miller Hemingway Christmas 1914."
Selby, Paul. Stories and Speeches of Abraham Lincoln. Chicago: Thompson & Thomas, 1900;
8vo; cover heavily degraded, can still make out title on spine and structure of cover intact, lightly foxed endpapers; inscribed, "Ernest M. Hemingway from his Father July 21st 1910."
The elder Hemingway, a doctor, loomed large in Ernest's imagination; the early Nick Adams stories, such as "Indian Camp," feature the presence of the initially confident but increasingly helpless doctor (who performs a Caesarian on a Native American woman only to have her husband commit suicide). Clarence's emasculation as portrayed in his fictionalized doctor figure in "The Doctor and the Doctor's Wife" also shows the troubling male paradigm Hemingway believed his father to represent: hen-pecked and incapable of maintaining an internal resolve.
Thompson, Maurice ed.. The Boys Book of Sports and Outdoor Life. New York: The Century Co., 1886.
8vo; top park of cover bears a discoloration all around, back of cover beginning to separate, light foxing throughout; inscribed in pen, "Ernest Miller Hemingway from Uncle Leicester."
A totem of young Hemingway's original spark for outdoormanship; books includes chapters on camping, shooting, and spear fishing.
Wood, Rev. J.G. The Popular Natural History. New York: A.L. Burt Co., n.d. 8vo; blue cloth
color heavily abraded; inscription in front cover in Grace Hall-Hemingway's hand, "Ernest Miller Hemingway Kenilworth Ave and Iowa St. Oak Park Ill. February 11. 1910," on back cover, in partially erased pencil, in what looks to be Hemingway's hand, reads, "Ernest Miller Hemingway 600 N. Kenilworth Ave. Oak Park ill Feb 11, 1910."
The address marked in this book, 600 N. Kenilworth Ave., was Dr. Hemingway's new house built primarily to satisfy Grace Hemingway's desire for "grander proportions and more modern appointments." Hemingway's fascination with the animals that would haunts his later work in books like The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber and Death in the Afternoon was fostered by his maternal grandfather Ernest, who kept specimens in his house at 439 N. Oak Park Avenue, where Ernest was born. Following the elder Ernest's death, the family moved to Kenilworth.
Books from Hemingway's Library with no Signatures
Baum, Frank. Land of Oz. Chicago: The Reilly & Lee Co., 1939; 4to; small holes in outside and
inside of hard cover, back cover detached from text and spine; light foxing on endpapers, light stains intermittent in text.
Bessie, Alvah. Men in Battle. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1939; 8vo; dust jacket in good
condition with light tears, endpapers have light stains, interior text in good condition.
Bessie was a blacklisted Hollywood screenwriter, novelist, and journalist, increasingly drawn to anti-fascist causes, leading him to volunteer to fight in the Spanish Civil War. His reflections on the war are contained in Men in Battle, which Hemingway remarked was "a true, honest, fine book." After the publication of Hemingway's own reflections on the Spanish War in For Whom the Bell Tolls, however, Bessie would take personal offense to Hemingway's descriptions of atrocities committed by the Republicans, and insinuation that some American volunteers enlisted for purposes of adventure, writing a formal denunciation signed by other New York veterans.
Defoe, Daniel. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. New York: H.M. Caldwell Co., n.d.
8vo; cloth cover has moderate abrasion, though cover is still quite visible, moderate foxing on endpapers.
Hemingway, Ernest. Farvel til Vapnene (Farewell to Arms). Osolo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag,
1939. 8vo; dustjacket lightly worn (spine slightly moreso), endpapers very lightly foxed.
Hemingway, Ernest. In unserer Zeit. Erzahlungen In Our Time in German. Berlin: Rowolt
Verlag, 1932. 8vo; light tears and wear to paper cover, interior pages moderately foxed.
Hemingway, Ernest. Pjataja Kolonna I Pervye Tridcat' Vosem Rasskazou Fifth Column and 38 Stories, Russian Translation. Moscow: Goslitizdat, 1939; 8vo; dust jacket has minor tears, slight foxing on inside covers and first few pagers, otherwise interior text in good condition.
Jolas, Eugene, ed. Transition: An International Quarterly for Creative Experiment, No. 14. Paris:
Shakespeare and Co., 1928. 8vo; paper cover foxed and worn, with one-inch strip of spine exposed, moderate water damage in first few pages, hole at bottom of page persisting through last 70+ pages.
Transition was a highly influential modernist periodical based out of Sylvia Beach's Shakespeare and Company. Founded by the poet Eugene Jolas in 1927, the magazine most concisely expressed its mission to disseminate modernist and experimental writing in a manifesto by Jolas called "The Revolution of the Word Proclamation." Segments of Finnegans Wake, still known as Work in Progress, were published in its pages. The provocation and controversy occasionally surrounding transition (for its "obscene" books) is perhaps marked by the final note regarding charges for the magazine, claiming, "Because of uncertain shipping conditions for a publication like transition, some copies may be more easily obtainable in America than others." Hemingway was a contributor to the magazine, publishing the now-famous "Hills Like White Elephants" there in August 1927.
Book contains large, printed photograph of Hemingway in Florida, loaned to transition by Sylvia Beach.
Kantorowicz, Alfred. Tschapaiew: Das Bataillon der 21 Nationen. Madrid: Imprenta Colectiva
Torrent, 1938. 4to; dust jacket slightly ripped with ink splotches distributed across back and part of front, spine dislocated from book but holding together, pages have medium foxing;
Book on Spanish civil war.
La Revue Européenne. France: 1930. 8vo; back cover and last few pages ripped off, inside text
lightly to moderately foxed.
Contains the story titled here "Hail Mary" and published as "Now I Lay Me" in Men Without Women in 1927.
Pickett, Lasalle Corbell (Mrs. General George E. Pickett). The Bugles of Gettysburg. Second
edition. Chicago: F.G. Browne & Co., 1913. 8vo; gray cloth cover heavily abraded such that title no longer visible and cloth on spine almost removed with a few tiny holes, interior text in good condition; small flag ribbon affixed to front paper; inscription in ink reads, "Ernest with Christmas Greetings from Grandfather, Aunt Grace, and Grandmother."
The book is a Christmas gift from Hemingway's aunt Grace Hemingway and paternal grandparents Anson Tyler Hemingway and Adelaide Edmonds Hemingway. Anson Tyler Hemingway notably served in the Civil War; his grandchildren were raised on tales of Civil War victories and watched Anson match in full uniform during Memorial Day parades. Hemingway would also speak about the Civil War to his children with great reverence, and remarked that when his son Jack led a company of Negro military policeman after WWII it reminded him of Anson's raising Negro troops for an infantry regiment. In a darker resonance of Anson's legacy, Hemingway's father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, killed himself in 1928 with Anson's Union Army pistol.
Quintanilla, Luis, Elliot Paul, Jay Allen, and Ernest Hemingway. All the Brave: Drawings of the
Spanish Civil War. New York: Modern Age Books, 1939. 4to; spine missing, front and back covers detached, interior pages lightly foxed but in good condition.
One other copy owned by Hemingway in the Kennedy Library Hemingway Collection. As described above, Quintanilla was a fighter in the Spanish Civil War, and an admired painter by Hemingway. Included here are the three prefaces written by Hemingway; in one he describes Quintanilla as "one of the bravest men that I have ever known."
Quintanilla: An Exhibition of Drawing of the War in Spain. New York: The Museum of Modern
Art, 1938. 4to; small holes (that don't obscure text), light yellowing, but overall good shape; one folded leaf,
Catalogue contains an explanatory essay by Hemingway, describing how he, like Hemingway, fought the fascists in Spain and now represents that conflict in his work. Printed on the occasion of Quintanilla's exhibition at MoMA, jointly sponsored by Hemingway and Dos Passos.
Shipman, Evan. Free for All. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1935. 8vo; brown cloth cover
with light ink stains, small hole in cover that continues inside (but doesn't obscure text), very light foxing on inside text.
Shipman was a writer and horse race aficionado closely tied to Hemingway during his early, pre-celebrity days in Paris, and one of the few friends to remain throughout Hemingway's turbulent life. Shipman has a chapter named after him in A Moveable Feast, "Evan Shipman at the Lilas," and Men Without Women is dedicated to him as well.
40 items. Various bindings.
Generally rather shabby.
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