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MARX, Karl.

[Das Kapital, in Russian:] Kapital. Kritika politicheskoi ekonomii.

[Translated by Lopatine and Danielson], vol. I. [all published hitherto].

N. P. Poliakov, St Petersburg , 1872 Stock Code: 129814
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First edition in Russian, the first foreign translation, of "the Bible of Marxism".
This was the first published translation of the work in any language. Issued in 3,000 copies, with a complacent comment from the censor - "few people in Russia will read it, and fewer still will understand it" - the book was, however, quite successful and the edition rapidly sold out, with the first 900 copies sold in under two months. Marx thought the translation "masterly" and, in 1880, wrote to his friend Friedrich Sorge, his chief co-worker in America, that "our success is still greater in Russia, where Das Kapital is read and appreciated more than anywhere else." Marx had been closely involved in the process of creating an edition for Russian readers, and corresponded often with the translators German Aleksandrovich Lopatin and Nikolai Frantsevich Danielson. Volume I went to the press in October 1871, Marx returned his proof corrections smartly at the start of November, and the book was finally published on 27 March 1872. After Marx's death in 1883, when Engels was preparing the other volumes for publication in German (they appeared in 1885 and 1894 respectively), he sent advanced proofs of volume II to Danielson in February 1885 to help speed the translation and later, in 1894, again sent proofs to Russia for translation. Unfortunately Engels did not see the work completed; he died in 1895, the year before the final volume appeared in St Petersburg. The printing of a second edition was forbidden in Russia and so in 1890 a New York publisher brought out an nearly identical reprint of the first edition: that second edition is distinguished from the first in that the misplaced comma opposite "p. 73" in the table of contents is replaced by a full stop; and the "e" at the end of l. 40, p. 65, is replaced by a "c".

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Octavo (237 x 153 mm). Contemporary black half roan, marbled paper boards, spine ruled in blind and gilt in compartments, new twin black spine labels to second and fourth compartments, new endpapers.


Complete with the half-title. Russian blindstamp to top edge of title page. Sometime expertly refurbished, extremities and boards worn and scuffed, endpapers a little marked, contents lightly soiled and creased with some infrequent foxing, the occasional pencil or ink marginal annotation, overall still a very good copy.


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