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FREUD, Sigmund.

Das Unbehagen in der Kultur.

Vienna, Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag, 1930 Stock Code: 138955
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First edition, first printing, a superb presentation copy, inscribed by the author on the front free endpaper "To Havelock Ellis with affectionate regards Freud 1929/30". The recipient, the English psychologist Havelock Ellis (1859-1939), was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of sexuality. He has annotated the book in several places, with pencilled underlining and marginal crosses and punctuation marks. The two great psychologists had a mutually respectful relationship, conducted entirely through correspondence and print. This relationship was at times slightly fractious - Freud disagreed with Ellis's biological determinism and consequent support for eugenics.
Ellis responded to Freud upon receipt of the book, writing to him on 24 March 1930 with his comments. He took an especial interest in the claim of an "oceanic feeling" - a sensation of eternity - with which Freud introduces the book. Ellis wrote that he sympathized with the idea, as he shared a similar attitude to the universe. He added that he cannot accept the "primary impulse of aggression", which he felt the abundance of life contradicts. A few years later, Ellis formalized these complaints in a book called My Confessional (cited in Dufresne p. 179).
In Das Unbehagen in der Kultur, published in English that year as Civilisation and its Discontents, Freud analyzed the conflict between an individual's instinctive needs and the constraints and demands of society. The study "emphasized the continuance of hostile impulses within developed societies... Aggression against the father was repressed by the incorporated parental image, the superego. This repression was institutionalized in social justice. Discontent was an inevitable aspect of civilization because, even though Oedipal aggression had been repressed, the wish had not; and the wish had the same power to produce guilt that the act did" (DSB, V, p. 178). This is the cloth issue, with the book also issued in wrappers.

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Octavo. Original yellow cloth, spine and front cover lettered in blue.


Lightly soiled, spine lettering rubbed. A good copy, contents clean, binding still firm.


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