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MÜLLER, Fritz.

Facts and Arguments for Darwin....

With Additions by the Author. Translated from the German by W. S. Dallas.

Availability: In stock

Published: London John Murray, 1869

Stock Code: 128977

OR On display in 100 Fulham Road


First English edition, first impression, of Müller's explication of Darwinian evolution through the natural history of crustaceans. This copy is from the library of Darwin bibliographer Richard Freeman with his ownership inscription and annotation on the front free endpaper verso, "R. B. Freeman, 1967, Translation of Für Darwin, 1864, Published on commission, See Life and Letters, vol. 3, p 86". This work was originally published in German under the title Für Darwin in 1864. Darwin was impressed by the work and contacted Müller suggesting a translator, William Sweetland Dallas, and writing "that it is important to have some few corrections or additions, in order to account for a translation appearing so lately i.e. at such a long interval of time after the original; so that I hope you will be able to send some" (Life and Letters, vol. 3, p. 86). Müller agreed and the work was published by Murray at Darwin's expense on commission, and bound in the same style as the first to third editions of Origin of Species. Darwin had an extensive correspondence with Müller and kept him updated on the work's progress, writing that he was "vexed to see that on the title my name is more conspicuous than yours, which I especially objected to, and I cautioned the printers after seeing one proof" (ibid. p. 86).
This copy was originally owned by microscopy enthusiast and corresponding member of the Manchester Microscopical Society, William Harvey, with his ownership inscription beneath Freeman's, "W Harvey, Sari Yeri Mines, Constantinople, May 18th 1886", and to the lower edge of the book block, "W. Harvey, Sari Yeri, Mines." Harvey was mine manager at the copper mines at Sariyer, just outside of Constantinople, having moved to Turkey in 1871. He published a number of articles on the entomology of the region, writing to his family that he was "much interested in pond-life in Turkey" (Stevenson and Gill, 2017).
Harvey has marked the text in two places, pages 97 and 114, both of which are passages relating to the potential role of a "Creator" in biological developments, including a footnote which suggests that to see such a role, or "to read this remarkable writing we need the spectacles of Faith, which seldom suit eyes accustomed to the Microscope". Müller's views on the role of God were controversial to some readers, a review of the work in the Athenaeum joked that "it is to be feared that Dr. Müller's moral code is rather Crustacean than Christian" (J. R. Leifchild, 27 March 1869).
Additionally there is a type written slip laid in at pp. 122-3 discussing the function of crustacean body segments.

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Octavo. Original fine pimple-grained green cloth, titles in gilt to the spine, blind panels to the boards, dun surface-paper endpapers.


With woodcut diagrams to the text.


Lightly rubbed, slightly cocked, corners bumped, hinges just cracked, pale toning to the text, one gathering a little sprung, but overall very good.


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