Freedom's Battle. I.N.A. in Action, 1942-1945.
Illustrated and compiled by …Bombay : 1947 Stock Code: 126765
NotesFirst and sole edition, very uncommon: OCLC locates just six copies, all in the USA. This attractively illustrated work, pubished in the same month that India gained its independence, was issued as a celebration of the Azad Hind (Free India) state and the Indian National Army, which lasted from 1942 to 1945. The editor and illustrator, Jhaveri, was a prominent Indian nationalist film maker and writer, who was particularly close to Gandhi, producing both a film of his life and providing photographs for an authoritative 8-volume biography by D. G. Tendulkar (who also helped select quotations for this work).
The idea of establishing a Free Indian State opposed to British rule in the country was conceived at a conference in Tokyo 1942 and a government was established in Singapore in 1943. The rebel state and its Indian National Army was led by Subhas Chandra Bose from 1943 until his death in a plane crash in 1945. The history of this short lived venture is still controversial, in part because of its close ties to the Japanese and Nazi governments. However, after the war, it began to be seen as an important part of the anti-colonial struggle - Bose's militarism sitting alongside Gandhi's calls for peaceful resistance.
The full-page plates, many of them in striking chromolithography, show the shifting portrayal of Azad Hind, somewhere between an ordinary state and an armed rebel movement. Plates of postage stamps and charts of government structure sit alongside more militant statements like: "now the people of India take up arms with grim determination" or "On to Delhi, On to Delhi! We die for the freedom of our Motherland". Also present is a typescript copy of an article based on an interview that Bose conducted with a the Japanese newspaper "Yomiuri Hochi" in which he claims that the soldiers of the I.N.A. were "following in the footsteps of earlier Indian martyrs, who have fought the British tyrants for more than a century". The interviewer also states that Bose sleeps only 3 hours a day and works for the rest of the time. There is also an invitation to a signing at a Parisian book shop with three Romanian Writers: Adriana Georgescu, Mihael Niculescu, and Mircea Eliade, a devotee of Indian spirituality, whose past is also haunted by Nazi associations.
Quarto. Original colour lithograph boards, black sand-grained cloth spine. Housed in tricolour cloth drop-back box, the colours of the INA flag with spinning wheel device in blue, I.N.A. gilt to the spine.
Profusely illustrated in colour.
Corner of box bumped, book a little rubbed, but overall very good.
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