half calf, morocco, etc.
Half bindings are those in which the leather covers the spine and corners only; the sides are covered with a different material, usually cloth or paper.
The first page of the book, which therefore falls on a recto. It contains the short form of the title of the book, and the title or number of the volume if the work is in more than one volume. The verso of the half-title is often blank, though it may contain advertisements, or a list of other works by the same author. (Some early books have only a blank leaf in place of a half-title, usually described as “initial blank‚” or ‚”blank [A1]‚”.) Half-titles were often discarded, especially by English binders of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries: we always note their absence.
A photo-mechanical illustration printed from a block in which the tones are broken up into small or large dots by the interposition of a glass screen, ruled with fine cross-lines, between the camera and the object.
The leather covering at the head and tail of the spine of a book, formed by turning the leather over the head and tail and shaping it. If headcaps are rubbed or worn, we mention it.
A decorative engraving placed at the beginning and/or end of books, chapters, etc.
The inside part of the book where the cover meets the spine. As “hinge” is sometimes used interchangeably with “joint”, we usually use the belt-and-braces “inner hinge”.
Wholly written by the person in whose name it appears. In context, this usually means wholly in the author’s handwriting.