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Glossary

 

 

  • label

    A piece of material, usually leather or paper, on which the title or some other identifying lettering is impressed or written, typically placed on the spine but also on the front cover and occasionally elsewhere. Many multi-volume works in the hand-binding area have two labels. The label with the title or author’s name is the lettering-piece; the label with the volume number is the numbering-piece.

  • letterpress

    The text of a piece of printing from ordinary type, distinguished from illustrations, etc. So a letterpress title is the printed title, whereas an engraved or lithographic title is typically an illustrated page incorporating the title of the book, often in abbreviated form, produced by intaglio or lithographic printing.

  • library cloth

    A cloth binding, not the original publisher’s binding, into which the book has been rebound for use in a private or public library; therefore typically a utilitarian binding of no great distinction or ornamentation.

  • limitation page

    The page on which the publisher has noted the total number of copies printed of this edition. A regular feature in French books (justification de tirage), the limitation page is mainly confined in English books to signed limited editions, where the limitation page will usually have the copy number added, either in manuscript or stamped, and the signature of the author, artist and/or publisher.

  • lithograph

    An illustration produced by the technique of lithography, invented in 1796 by Alois Senefelder of Munich (1771–1833), essentially involving the drawing, design, or writing being done on a special kind of stone, so that impressions in ink can be taken from it. This was developed into a planographic printing process using metal or plastic plates with a sensitized coating on which the matter to be printed is fixed chemically, before the non-printing areas of the plates are damped and the remainder printed with greasy inks on flat-bed or cylinder presses.