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ALEXANDER III.

Graficheskoe izobrazhenie zabolevaemosti i smertnosti v Voenno-uchebnykh zavedeniyakh

[The statistics of the morbidity and mortality in Military Schools].

St. Petersburg,: E. A. Litvinov, 1886 Stock Code: 144320
£8,250.00
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Graphic display of military-medical statistics for the Russian Empire, the Tsar's copy

First edition, one of perhaps a handful of copies made to inform the Alexander III (1845-1894) and his closest advisers of important and sensitive statistics relating to his empire's military colleges. Printed at the typo-lithographic press at the headquarters of Izmaylovsky Regiment of the Imperial Guard in Saint-Petersburg, the book offers an overview of morbidity and mortality among cadets and other students of Russia's military schools and academies during the years 1876-1885, the five last years of the reign of Alexander II and five first years of that of his son Alexander III. This copy from the library of the Tsar's preferred St. Petersburg residence.

The charts contained in the volume offer a clear visual survey of the state of the military institutions of Russia over the decade. The first diagram ranks all 30 military institutions in terms of the prevalence of disease, the healthiest being the 1st Moscow Cadet Corps, the least so the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff; the next diagram ranks mortality rates, finding the gymnasium in the Irkutsk military district and the St. Petersburg Military Academy equally lethal at the foot of the table. A breakdown of the prevalence of diseases and infections, divided into groupings such as "diseases of genitourinary organs" or "colds and influenzas" follows, revealing, for example, that it was probably an outbreak of typhoid at St. Petersburg in 1884 that accounted for the academy's poor morbidity record. The most prevalent disease overall was measles. The second part of the book contains 26 charts showing comparative mortality curves for 1866-1875 against 1876-1885, numbers for each disease group shown per year as well as per school. The highest morbidity rates are in late 1860s, generally decreasing subsequently; a reverse trend to that in diseases of the nervous system, where numbers increase from mid 1870s onwards. A striking and likely unique example of late nineteenth century military-medical statistical analysis, reflecting Alexander III's desire for rational reform and reorganization if the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War.

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Description

Folio (410 x 270 mm). Black hard-gained morocco, title gilt to the front board within gilt and blind panel, all edges gilt, white coated moiré effect endpapers, green linen hinges. Small printed press mark label to top corner of the front pastedown, ink-stamp of the Anichkov Palace to the first blank, Alexander III's personal ink-stamp to the title page.

Illustrations

9 double-page colour lithographed block graphs on thick paper stub-mounted on white silk, and 26 double-page line graphs, the lines hand inked, in thinner paper, linen-stubs.

Condition

Binding a little rubbed and with some stripping at the extremities, internal binding a touch strained in places, else very good.

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