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ORWELL, George.

Kolgosp Tvarin (Animal Farm).

Munich : Vidavnitstvi Prometei, 1947 Stock Code: 144928
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The first appearance in print of Orwell's preface

First Ukrainian edition, and the first to include a preface by Orwell. A copy of the first English edition of 1945 fell into the hands of Ihor Shevchenko, a son of Polish anti-Bolshevik nationalists, who translated the work into Ukrainian. This edition is scarcely found in such excellent condition.

"In April 1946, Shevchenko wrote to Orwell, a mourning widower and single parent of adopted baby at that time, requesting authorization to publish his Ukrainian translation. He described to him how he had translated the book out loud to a transfixed audience of Ukrainian DPs displaced persons and they had always been puzzled how the West could be so naïve about the Soviet Union and wondered if anyone 'knew the truth'. He concluded: 'Your book has solved that problem... Refugees reacted to the underlying values of the book, to the tale 'types,' to the underlying convictions of the author and so on. Besides, the mood of the book seems to correspond with their own actual state of mind'. While Animal Farm had been a message of hope to the Ukrainian DPs, Shevchenko's letter was a message of hope to Orwell, who enthusiastically agreed to a Ukrainian translation" (Tatara). Orwell contributed a new preface, which was his most extensive commentary on the story and his motives for writing it, and which is often printed in modern editions of the book to this day. The translator is given pseudonymously as Ivan Cherniatync'kyi on the title page.

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Octavo. Original pictorial wrappers.


Monochrome photographic portrait of Orwell.


Minute crease to rear wrapper, the spine minimally rubbed, internally crisp; an exceptionally fine copy.


Fenwick A.10.T25; Kalyna Tatara, "George Orwell and the Ukrainian Refugees: The Untold Story of Animal Farm", Ukrainian Institute, 31/7/2012.


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