Ode à Salvador Dali.
Texte espagnol & traduction pas Louis Parrot & Paul Eluard.Paris: GLM, 1938 Stock Code: 132463
Poulenc's copy, inscribed to him by both translatorsFirst edition, first printing, inscribed by both translators on the front free endpaper, "à Francis Poulenc, hommage des traducteurs, Paul Éluard, Louis Parrot", one of the few hors commerce copies, unnumbered as issued, from a total edition of 515 copies.
This copy brings together a nexus of Franco-Spanish network of friendships and affairs between some of the greatest artists of the time. The translators Louis Parrot (1906-1948), a French writer and poet, and Paul Éluard (1895-1952), a French poet and one of the founders of the surrealist movement, met in Madrid. Éluard was married to Elena Daikonova (1894-1982, nicknamed Gala) with whom he had a daughter. In 1928, ten year prior to the publication of this Ode, the Éluards met Dalí at a sanatorium and visited him in Spain the following summer. Gala soon left Éluard to marry Dalí. However, they had always led a rather libertine marriage, notably living for several years with German artist Max Ernst (1891-1976) in a ménage à trois, and there seem to have been no hard feelings over Gala's marriage, as evidenced by Éluard involvement in this publication. The Éluards' daughter reminisced in a 2014 interview for The Guardian: "I married and divorced easily. There was no drama, we met and parted amicably. My father was the same, and each time we had a party".
The recipient of this copy, Poulenc (1899-1963), was an accomplished French composer and pianist. A frequenter of "La Maison des amis des livres", he met with avant-garde poets including Éluard, Cocteau, and Apollinaire, and turned many of their works into music.
The frontispiece features a photo of Dalí and Lorca in 1927. They, too, met in Madrid and the two men quickly became friends. More than a friendship, their relationship, begrudged by Gala, was "an erotic, tragic love, out of the fact of not being able to share it," as described by Dali in 1986. "The relationship between both geniuses lasted, with all its ups and downs, from 1923 to 1936 (the year of Lorca's execution at the onset of the Spanish Civil War). Besides the artistic partnership, the link gave rise to an intense exchange of letters compiled by the journalist Víctor Fernández... Lorca wrote Ode to Salvador Dalí, published in the journal Revista de Occidente. 'Lorca never did anything like that for anyone else,' the journalist notes" (El Pais). Their imbroglio spawned the 2008 film Little Ashes, directed by Paul Morrison.
Quarto, [pp. 26]. Original orange printed wrappers, untrimmed.
Photographic portrait frontispiece of Lorca and Dali.
Light wear to extremities, slight staining and discolouration to wrappers, very occasional faint foxing; a near-fine copy.
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