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DARWIN, Charles.

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,

or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Fifth edition, with additions and corrections. (Tenth Thousand).

London: John Murray, 1869 Stock Code: 120387
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Darwin's first use of Herbert Spencer's term "the survival of the fittest"

Fifth edition of "the most important biological book ever written" (Freeman). "The fifth edition of 1869 was of 2,000 copies and was again much revised. It is in this one that Darwin used the expression "the survival of the fittest", Herbert Spencer's term, for the first time; it appears first in the heading of Chapter IV" (Freeman). This copy with the ownership inscription in pencil on the front free endpaper verso of Dr Perry W. Gilbert (1912-2000), the pioneering anatomist and marine biologist. Gilbert is most remembered for his work on the anatomy and evolutionary development of sharks.

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Octavo. Original green cloth, gilt titles to spine, blind-panelled covers, black coated endpapers, Freeman's variant a (no priority). With the publisher's 16-page catalogue, dated January 1871, to the rear.


Folding diagram at p. 132.


With the bookplate of Lord Alfred Dent (1844-1927), founder of the British North Borneo Company to the front pastedown. Spine gently rolled, slight wear to extremities, refurbishment to spine ends and joints, inner hinges restored, occasional marginal tears due to clumsy opening, no effect to text; a very good copy.


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