Problema poleta pri pomoshchi raketnykh apparatov: Sbornik statei pod red. M.K. Tikhonravova.
[The Problem of Flights with Rocket Launchers: Collection of Articles Edited by M. Tikhonravov].Moscow: Oborongiz, 1947 Stock Code: 143547
NotesFirst and only edition of this important collection of articles by rocketry pioneer Friedrich Zander (Fridrikh Arturovich Tsander; 1887-1933), edited by a prominent co-worker at Group for the Study of Reactive Motion (Gruppa Isutcheniya Reaktivniya Dvisheniya - GIRD). Zander perfected the Soviet Union's first liquid propelled rocket GIRD-X, which was first tested in 1933 shortly after Zander's death of typhus at Kislovodsk. Just a single copy of this attractive publication traced worldwide in the holdings of the University of California, Berkeley.
A Riga-born Baltic German Zander was the first Soviet engineer to dedicate his career to practical realisation of space travel. Inspired by the work of the great visionary of Russian Cosmonautics Konastantin Tsiolkovsky, Zander was obsessed with visions of spaceships and the achievement of interplanetary flight. While a student engineer at Riga Polytechnic Institute, he made trajectory calculations for a flight to Mars, a planet which was to exert a fascination on him through his whole life, famously his motto was "Forward to Mars!", in 1924 lecture at the Moscow Institute he pointing out the coincidental symbolism of "the 'red star' which is the emblem of our grand soviet army".
Zander was the source of numerous concepts which only came to fruition many years after his death; the inclusion of greenhouse facilities on board spacecraft, the use of the Earth's atmosphere to brake the flight of re-entering craft, the solar sail, and importantly the use gravity assist in interplanetary flight. While working at the Central Institute of Aviation Motor Construction (TsIAM) Zander developed his first engine OR-1, combining compressed air and gasoline, essentially a modified blowtorch. In 1931 he was involved in founding GIRD - the world's first large professional rocketry programme - and as head of one of its four "brigades" perfected the OR-2 liquid-fuelled engine which was employed on the GIRD-X flight. Mikhail Klavdievich Tikhonravov (1900-74), the editor of this collection was the head of GIRD's second brigade, and went on to supervise the design of Sputnik, and headed the Luna programme of robotic moon missions.
Octavo. Original moderate green cloth lettered in white on the spine and to the front board with an illustration of a rocket in flight in bright blue
Halftone illustrations from photographs, diagrams, graphs and tables to the text.
A little sunned on the spine and board edges, slightly rubbed, small ink-stamps to the rear pastedown, pale toning of the text block, overall very good.
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