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TURGOT, Anne Robert Jacques (trans.); TUCKER, Josiah.

Questions importantes sur le commerce,

à l'occasion des oppositions au dernier Bill de Naturalisation. Ouvrage traduit de l'anglois de Josias Tucker, Recteur da College de Saint Estienre à Bristol, & Chapelain de L'Evêque de Bristol.

London [i.e Paris?]: Fletcher Gyles, 1755 Stock Code: 127430
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Turgot's first work

First edition in French of the second part of Tucker's Reflections on the Expediency of a Law for the Naturalization of Foreign Protestants (1752), translated by Turgot in his first published piece on economics. Tucker wrote the first part of his tract in 1751 in support of Robert Nugent's bill to relax British naturalisation laws against foreign protestants, a bill which had had a stormy passage, and subsequently failed. It was in the present second part, published the following year, in which Tucker "developed the established theory that a concentrated, industrious population generated economic success. The opposition to the naturalization bill was generated, he believed, by both bigotry and entrenched, monopolistic vested self-interest" (ODNB).

Turgot's translation of this part of the treatise was appended with his own notes, which are significant for several reasons: "in the first place, because several of this notes once more reveal at this still early stage of his career, the tremendous importance of free competition and free trade in the development of Turgot's economic thought. Further, they reveal the fact that thanks to Gournay Turgot's economics came under the influence of English economics to a far greater extent than that of his French contemporaries who were followers of Quesnay" (Groenewegen, The Economics of A. R. J. Turgot, p. xiv). Turgot is also known to have later translated another of Tucker's works, on trade wars, but his translation was not published and is now lost.

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Duodecimo (185 x 107 mm). Uncut in original marbled wrappers. Housed in a custom blue cloth box, blue morocco label to spine.


Half-title present. 20th-century bookplate to inner front cover. Spine backing absent, possibly as issued, the expected fraying around peripheries. A remarkable survival in the original state, in exceptional condition.


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