GRIGORYEV, Vasily Vasilyevich.

Rossiya i Aziya: Sbornik Issledovaniy i Statey po Istorii, Etnografii i Geografii, Napisannykh v Raznoye Vremya …

[Russia and Asia: Collection of Works and Articles on History, Ethnography and Geography, written at Various Times].

St Petersburg: Panteleyev Bros. 1876 Stock Code: 121738
£3,750.00

Important collection of papers on the early history of Kazakhstan

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First and only edition, WorldCat locates a single copy at the University of Aberdeen. Collection of ten articles by leading Russian Orientalist and Central Asia specialist Vasily Grigoryev (1816-81). A compilation with much material on the early history of Kazakhstan, one of Grigoryev's key research interests being the Khazars and the Golden Horde, interpreted as predecessors to the Kazakhs. He refers to the Horde as the "the rulers of Russia'" and their capital Sarai as a "great and prosperous city", calling for contemporary historians to focus more on this era of Russian history. These articles were initially published 1834-52 in various Russian journals, and were gathered in this compilation specially for the Third International Congress of Orientalists which took place in Saint Petersburg in the autumn of 1876, at which Grigoryev presided. The contents comprise 1) Concerning the Expeditions of the Ancient Rus to the East. 2) Overview of the Political History of the Khazars. 3) About the Duality of the Supreme Power of the Khazars - a discussion of the division of power between the qagan, the supreme ruler, and the bek or military leader. 4) Volga Bulgars. 5) On Kufic Coins found in Russia and the Baltic States as Sources for Ancient Russian history. 6) Concerning the Authenticity of the Yarliqs given by the Golden Horde Khans to the Russian Clergy - the yarliqs were decrees of the Mongol Empire, in this case granting freedom from taxation to the Russian church, this paper was submitted as Grigoryev's Master's thesis in 1842. 7) About the Location of Sarai, the Capital of the Golden Horde. 8) Tsars of the Cimmerian Bosporus, largely based on Contemporary Monuments and Coins. 9) Jewish Religious Sects in Russia; 10) The Chukchi and their Land, from its Discovery to the Present Day - historical survey of the indigenous people of the Chukotka Peninsula in eastern Siberia.

A graduate from St. Petersburg Imperial University's Department of Oriental Languages Grigoryev entered the Asiatic Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, but soon returned to academia teaching Persian at St. Petersburg while completing his Master's. In 1851 he moved to Orenburg on "special duties". "In 1853 as the head of a military camp office he marched out with the Russian troops under General Perovskiy to Ak-Mosque Tashkent, also known as the White Mosque. For participation in this military expedition Grigoryev was promoted to the rank of Actual State Councillor and on 12th January 1854 he took the post of the chairman of the Orenburg boundary commission. Until 1862 he served as governor of the region of Orenburg Kazakhs (Kirghiz) with the impressive title The Chief Executive Officer of the Internal Horde of Orenburg Kirghiz. More often than not Grigoryev applied tough measures, forcing the proud and wilful steppe peoples to submit and obey. Although a civilian officer, he was inclined to use even more severe measures than the military commanders. As he himself wrote, 'The Kirghiz steppe thrills me with horror: I put sultans under arrest, remove them from their posts, catch villains, but, alas, much to my regret, I am not authorised to have them hanged' Needless to say, Grigoryev's activities lay not exclusively in repressions, he was also responsible for health care, education, tried to end the abuse of power by local authorities it was Grigoryev who opened the first scientific library in Orenburg and he was the first to introduce the Kyrghyz (Kazakh) language into the sphere of business communication instead of the Tatar language used before" (p.7). Grigoryev retired from Orenburg due to ill health in the early 1860s, and involved himself in the organisation of the newly established department of Eastern History at St. Petersburg in which he became a full professor in 1864. Between this date and his death in 1881 Grigoryev published more than 60 research papers.

Grigoryev's "life and legacy have not yet been given full credit. The reason for this might lie in both his controversial life-path, his frequent changes of workplaces, his difficult character, and even his political views which he himself characterised as "religious patriotic". Being a man of stamina and unique efficiency, he managed to complete several lives' worth of work during the less than 66 years of his own: an imperial colonial official, an outstanding scholar and teacher, a statesman and essayist. His personality and works got an extremely reserved assessment from Bartold (1869-1930), who was the patriarch and undeniable authority of the Russian orientalists; and this could not but affect the general attitude towards Grigoryev. Only recently has a more objective opinion begun to prevail" (Obratsov & Gaida, "Vasily Vasileyovich Grigoryev: The Path of a Russian Orientalist", National Research University Higher School of Economics, Humanities Basic Research Program Working Papers, 72/HUM/2014, p.3)

A graduate from St. Petersburg Imperial University's Department of Oriental Languages Grigoryev entered the Asiatic Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, but soon returned to academia teaching Persian at St. Petersburg while completing his Master's. "In 1843 Grigoryev started working in the Ministry of Home Affairs and in 1846 was promoted and got the post of a 4th rank official with special duties at the Department for Ecclesiastical Affairs (Foreign Creeds). Among other things, Grigoryev had to fulfil secret missions, including those of police and repressive nature. For example, 1848 he conducted an investigation into the attitudes of the nobility and peasants to the revolutions in Europe, while in 1849 he was in charge of confiscating banned books in Riga" (p.6). In 1851 he moved to Orenburg again on "special duties". "In 1853 as the head of a military camp office He marched out with the Russian troops under General Perovskiy to Ak-Mosque. For participation in this military expedition Grigoryev was promoted to the rank of Actual State Councillor and on 12th January 1854 he took the post of the chairman of the Orenburg boundary commission. Until 1862 he served as governor of the region of Orenburg Kazakhs (Kirghiz) with the impressive title The Chief Executive Officer of the Internal Horde of Orenburg Kirghiz. More often than not Grigoryev applied tough measures, forcing the proud and wilful steppe peoples to submit and obey. Although a civilian officer, he was inclined to use even more severe measures than the military commanders. As he himself wrote, 'The Kirghiz steppe thrills with horror at me: I put sultans under arrest, remove them from their posts, catch villains, but, alas, much to my regret, I am not authorised to have them hanged' Needless to say, Grigoryev's activities lay not exclusively in repressions, he was also responsible for health care, education, tried to end the abuse of power by local authorities Let us recall, that it was Grigoryev who opened the first scientific library in Orenburg and he was the first to introduce the Kyrghyz (Kazakh) language into the sphere of business communication instead of the Tatar language used before" (p.7). Grigoryev retired from Orenburg due to ill health in the early 1860s, and involved himself in the organisation of the newly established department of Eastern History at St. Petersburg in which he became a full professor in 1864. Between this date and his death in 1881 Grigoryev published more than 60 research papers.

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Description

Octavo ( 238 x 148 mm). Elegant recent tan half morocco to style, marbled boards, raised bands, title gilt direct to spine, gilt devises to the compartments, single gilt rule to spine and corners, edges lightly sprinkled red.

Condition

First and last few leaves browned, text-block otherwise lightly toned with a scatter of pale marginal foxing, overall very good.

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