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CHIZHEVSKII, Aleksandr Leonidovich.

Strukturnyi analiz dvizhushcheisia krovi (The Structural Analysis of Moving Blood).

Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences, Nauka, 1959 Stock Code: 137282
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Revolutionary work on the circulation of blood

First edition, inscribed by the author on the front endpaper verso, "To big Misha for good memory. Prof. A.L. Chizhevskii. May 8, 1960". This was one of the last publications of Alexander Chizhevskii (1897-1964), the eminent Soviet interdisciplinary scientist and the founder of heliobiology and aero-ionization, and widely considered to be his magnum opus.

In 1924, Chizhevskii published Fizicheskiye faktory istoricheskogo protsessa (Physical Factors of the Historical Process), proposing that social, biological, and historical phenomena on Earth were controlled by the cyclical electromagnetic activity of the Sun. This clashed with Soviet theories of the causation of the Russian 1905 and 1917 revolutions, and in January 1942 Chizhevskii was accused of anti-Soviet conspiracy and sent to a labour camp in the Urals.

The eight years there marked the second period of Chizhevskii's career which was characterised by a shift of focus to the study of the circulation of blood. Chizhevskii began his research on the structural and dynamic organisation of erythrocytes in the bloodstream at Karlag - Karaganda Corrective Labour Camp in Kazakhstan - where he was transferred in 1950. Assisted by two other sequestered scientists, P. G. Tikhonov and G. N. Perlatov, he managed to organise an on-site laboratory and conducted experiments into the disposition of red blood cells. After being freed in 1954 Chizhevskii even asked for his sentence to be prolonged "because my programme of local research has not yet been completed".

More than a decade of experimentation culminated in this work in which the author opposed the idea that red blood cells move chaotically in the bloodstream, proving that erythrocytes form rings, and the speed of their movement depends on the distance between the rings and the axis of the blood vessel. Chizhevskii's discovery overturned current thinking, securing his claim to lasting renown.

The book is well-represented institutionally, but uncommon on the market, particularly so inscribed.

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Octavo. Original publisher's cloth, spine and front board titles in dark red and in blind.


Tables, schema to the text.


Owner's ink inscription on the front endpaper, very good.


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