The Alliance between Church and State,

or, the Necessity and Equity of an Established Religion and a Test-Law Demonstrated, from the essence and end of civil society, upon the fundamental principles of the law of nature and nations. In three parts. The first, treating of a civil and a religious society: the second, of an established church: and the third, of a test-law.

London: Printed for Fletcher Gyles, 1736 Stock Code: 113461

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First edition of Warburton's "controversial defence of the established church and the Test Acts... Warburton argued that religion alone can supply the rewards necessary to ensure that individual virtue continues to underpin the proper function of civil government. The magistrate was to oversee the government of the body, the church that of the soul. Fundamental to the alliance so formed was the influence that the church could give to the service of the state, and the support and protection that the state could in turn give to the church. Above all the church was to oversee that popular measure of the early and mid-eighteenth-century Church of England, the 'reformation of manners'. Warburton argued that an established denomination provided moral security for the state, and that it should therefore be composed by the majority confession of the nation, thereby standing clear of any multiplication and fragmentation into sectarianism. Sectarianism he identified as the source of contention and internal wars. Reflection on the legacy of the civil war, a subject on which he had planned to write a history, comprised a major part of his thinking on such matters. He read most of the political pamphlets produced between 1640 and 1660, and his very full annotations to Clarendon's History were finally published by the Clarendon Press in 1826. While he argued that the civil magistrate could not coerce opinions he also declared that such opinions should always give way to civil peace. Utility was absolutely central to his argument, but it was a utility that led to knowledge of divine truth through the proper, tolerant practice of Christianity as a revealed religion. Hobbes and Roman Catholicism represented the two extremes to be avoided; Hooker and Locke were lauded as the defenders of a tolerant church." (ODNB).

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Octavo (194 x 119 mm). Contemporary sprinkled lozenge panelled calf, spine with blind rules in compartments, sides with double-rule border and corner decoration in blind, red morocco label, sprinkled edges.


Engraved armorial bookplate of Charles Beridge to front pastedown, with contemporary note in ink to rear endpaper. Slight surface wear to rear cover; pale damp mark to outer corner of final sixty pages; a very good copy.


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