MACNAIR, Harley Farnsworth.

The Chinese Abroad:

their Position and Protection, a Study in International Law and Relations. With an Introduction by V.K. Wellington Koo and a Foreword by Fong F. Sec.

Shanghai: The Commercial Press, Ltd, 1925 Stock Code: 115885
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First edition, second impression, of this uncommon study written against the background of the passing of the Asian Exclusion Act in 1924, one of a group of such immigration acts of that year. MacNair's work relates the history of legal protections and treaty stipulations offered by China to the country's immigrants, and including descriptions of the massacres of Chinese in the Spanish Philippines, and Indonesia while under Dutch rule, the Treaty of Nanking, the Peking Convention of 1860, and the establishment of legations in Europe, the United States, and Japan. In addition, he devotes substantial sections to surveying the actual numbers and specific impact of Chinese emigration to Japan, Russia, Thailand, French Indo-China and other parts of the French empire, Indonesia, the British Empire, Hawaii, the United States, Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies, also investigating the status of Chinese merchants, labourers, and students. There are extensive notes covering the riots and abuses of Chinese during the anti-immigration agitation of the period, and of official policies world-wide, including the extent of legal protection offered against the rising tide of xenophobia. This copy with the ownership inscription of Ralph Cory, the cryptanalyst who decrypted the Japanese diplomatic circular that offered advance warning of Pearl Harbour. Cory had studied at the University of Washington in Seattle and Yenching University in Peking, before joining the United States Consular Service with postings to Peking, China, Seoul, Korea and Tokyo and Nagasaki. In the late 30s he was employed by the US government analysing Japanese diplomatic signals traffic, and in 1940 he joined OP-20-GZ (Naval Intelligence). When Cory transcribed a circular issued by the Japanese Foreign Office on 19 November 1941, he realised that the instruction in it to destroy all code papers was made in the clear expectation of the immediate outbreak of hostilities. The full translated message was delivered to President Roosevelt at 0945 on December 7, 1941, within hours Pearl Harbor was under attack. Dismayed at the outcome of what he perceived as the dilatoriness of the service, and swamped by his increased workload, Cory signed up for the Marine Corps, but not without difficulty, despite his language skills the Corps did not seem to take on under-height 44 year-old man with bad eyesight and hearing. Assigned to the Intelligence Section, Fifth Marine Regiment, he was part of the force sent to Guadalcanal, and died there in August 1942, a member of the ill-fated Goettge Patrol. Subsequently from the library of John Newton Hart, with his Harvard bookplate on front pastedown. Hart was a wartime member of the OSS, and subsequently CIA, NAS, and Rand, and author of The Making of an Old China Hand, a memoir of David D. Barrett, one of the American Army's leading China experts of the 40s (Berkeley Center for Chinese Studies, China Research Monograph, 27, 1985). Extremely uncommon in the jacket, this copy additionally with an intriguing provenance.

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Octavo. Original blue cloth, title gilt to spine, lettered in red within red panel to the front board. With dust jacket, front panel with striking artwork, a reverse silhouette of a steamship leaving harbour in China.


Slightly rubbed and bumped, endpapers lightly soiled and with ownership inscription of Ralph Cory to the front free endpaper, together ownership inscription in Chinese, and chop, of John N. Hart, his bookplate to the front pastedown, a couple of short underlines to the text, jacket with annotations in Chinese and English to the front panel, spine a touch dulled and scuffed, but overall very good.


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