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The Gazette of the United States.

No. L. Saturday, October 3 1789.

New York: John Fenno, 1789 Stock Code: 146167
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The final Bill of Rights, appearing in print for the first known time

First known printing of the final Bill of Rights, as passed by both houses of Congress on 25 September 1789 and submitted for ratification by the states on the 28 September 1789, here published in the leading Federalist newspaper of the day, the 3 October 1789 issue of the Gazette of the United States.

"The Convention of a number of the States having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the government, will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution the Congress resolved that the following articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States".

Twelve amendments were proposed, of which all but the first two were ratified by December 1791. These ten amendments together comprise the United States Bill of Rights, limiting the power of the government and guaranteeing the rights of the people, ensuring, among other rights, freedom of speech and assembly, the right to bear arms, the right to a fair trial, and the prevention of cruel and unusual punishments. The Bill proved a model for countless other nations over the following two centuries.

Of the two amendments which were not passed, the first proposed to regulate the number of citizens represented by a member of the House of Representatives as no more than 50,000 people, and is a pending amendment to this day; if ever implemented, there would now be over 6,000 representatives in the house. The second proposed amendment, requiring any change to the rate of compensation for members of the Congress to take effect only after the subsequent election in the House of Representatives, was finally ratified in 1992.

The Gazette of the United States, first issued in April 1789, was friendly to the Federalist Party and sought to unify the country under the new government, praising the administration and policies of George Washington, eventually folding in 1818.

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Folio, 4 pp (427 x 269 mm). Housed in a black cloth flat-back box by the Chelsea Bindery.


Misprinted date of 1 October corrected to 3 October in contemporary hand as always. Light staining, restoration at extremities, small patches of loss to text in places supplied in convincing facsimile; notwithstanding, in very good condition.


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