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LAWRENCE, Richard.

The Interest of Ireland in its Trade and Wealth Stated.

In two parts. First part observes and discovers the causes of Irelands not more increasing in trade and wealth from the first conquest till now. Second part proposeth expedients to remedy all its mercanture maladies, and other wealth-wasting enormities, by which it is kept poor and low. Both mix'd with some observations on the politicks of government, relating to the incouragement of trade and increase of wealth. With some reflections on principles of religion, as it relates to the premisses.

Dublin: Printed by Jos. Ray, for Jos. Howes, and are to be sold by Awnsham Churchill, 1682 Stock Code: 127003
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The Irish economy after the Civil War

First edition. Richard Lawrence served in the New Model Army and accompanied Cromwell's expeditionary force to Ireland in 1649, where he was entrusted with important commands of the island as it was reconquered and resettled. He entered into print in the 1650s defending the policy of transplantation, and acquired large estates in the country. In 1664 he was appointed to the newly formed council of trade, and later was entrusted with the management of textile works near Dublin. In these years he studied the Irish economy, with his views eventually published in 1682 in the present work. Analysing the causes of Irish underdevelopment, Lawrence softened his hostility to the Irish seen in his earlier pamphlets, and placed the blame at England's discriminatory policies, the hostility of the aristocracy to trade, and the lack of both credit and physical money. He was an early critic of Irish landlord absenteeism, which he saw as draining the country of specie. At the same time, Lawrence's treatise still traces many shortcomings to the moral failings of the native population and the Catholic religion. There are three known states of the title page with variant booksellers listed, without known priority.

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Octavo (152 x 95 mm). 19th-century green morocco, spine lettered in gilt, floral decoration in blind to spine compartments and to borders of covers, brown endpapers, gilt edges.


19th-century ownership signature to front free endpaper. Bound without the initial blank. Spine sunned, light rubbing around extremities, a little closely cropped at times, 5.5 cm closed tear to leaf preceding contents page, 3cm closed tear to Ii and Nn7, tiny chip to p. 154, else a very good copy.


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