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Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.

With an introduction by Bertrand Russell, F.R.S.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd, 1922 Stock Code: 138733
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First issue; the Garden copy

First edition in English, first issue, without the publisher's catalogue found in later issues. This also marked the first edition in book form, following initial publication in German the previous year in the journal Annalen der Naturphilosophie. That publication - under the title Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung - was plagued with errors, to the extent that Wittgenstein told a friend that he regarded it as a "pirated edition" (Monk, p. 205). Wittgenstein corrected the text for this edition, which prints the original German parallel with the English translation by Charles Kay Ogden and Frank Plumpton Ramsey. It was the only philosophical work by Wittgenstein to be published in his lifetime, save for a short lecture printed in the Aristotelian Society journal in 1929.

The cornerstone text of Logical Positivism and of the Cambridge school of analytic philosophy, the Tractatus articulates the relationship of language and reality, and defines the limits of science. Now universally recognized as one of the philosophical masterpieces of the 20th century, the work was far from an overnight success. Only some copies of the first edition sheets were bound and issued upon publication. Slow sales of these copies delayed the binding and issue of the remaining sheets, which were instead bound in stages over the next several years, as demand required. These copies had new publisher's catalogues inserted, distinguishing them from the first issue copies without such catalogues.

From the Garden collection of Haven O'More, with his black morocco monogram book label to the front pastedown. One of the greatest book collectors of the latter part of the 20th century, O'More's collection focused both on the finest specimens of printing, and the great moments in the development of literature and thought. His single sale in 1989 ranks with the combined sales of the Estelle Doheny and Bradley Martin collections in revenue and scope, including all four Shakespeare folios, John Locke's autograph manuscript of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, and a presentation copy of Copernicus's De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium.

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Octavo. Original blue cloth, spine lettered in gilt.


Parallel text in German and English.


Minor pencilled annotations. Slight wear and split at head of rear joint, some light staining to cloth with faint ringstain to front cover, some rubbing at extremities, endpapers a little toned but contents otherwise clean. A very good copy.


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