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SPINOZA, Baruch.

Tractatus theologico-politicus.

Hamburg: Henricus Künraht, 1670 Stock Code: 130116
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His controversial principal work

First edition of Spinoza's great treatise on political theology, a "crystal-clear exposition of the theory of natural right" (PMM). The only work published in his lifetime, it blends the traditions of Spinoza's Hebraic background with Cartesian rationalism. His ethical views are extended into the realm of politics, and contain the first lucid statement of the mutual independence of philosophy and religion.

One of the early thinkers of the Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, Spinoza (1632-1677) came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Tractatus theologico-politicus is his major work. Four editions were published with the 1670 date and Künraht imprint when, in fact, the second appeared in 1672, and the third and fourth posthumously in 1677. This copy is of the true first edition, with "Künraht" spelled thus and page 104 misnumbered 304.

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Quarto (200 x 155 mm). Modern boards covered with a medieval manuscript antiphonal on vellum, black spine label, green endpapers. Housed in a black quarter morocco solander box by the Chelsea Bindery.


Roman, italic and Hebrew type. Woodcut printer's device on title.


Without final blank. Title dust-soiled and repaired in gutter, a couple of stains to quire G and to fore edge thereafter. A very good copy.


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