BRUCE, James.

Travels To Discover the Source of the Nile,

in the years 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771, 1772, and 1773. In five volumes.

Edinburgh: by J. Ruthven for G. G. J. and J. Robinson, London, 1790 Stock Code: 107966
£4,750.00

"ONE OF THE GREAT TRAVEL ACCOUNTS OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY" (ODNB)

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Notes

First edition of "one of the great travel accounts of the eighteenth century" (ODNB), untrimmed and rare thus. James Bruce of Kinnaird (1730-1794) was only the second European to visit the isolated mountain kingdom of Abyssinia since the 1630s, and his fame on his return rivalled that of Captain Cook and Joseph Banks, recently returned from the Pacific, though back in London "his stories were regarded as being too fabulous to be true, and he found himself ridiculed by society, especially by Samuel Johnson who had translated the narrative of Jeronimo Lobo" (Howgego). A sceptical public had to wait sixteen years while William Logan and later Benjamin Latrobe edited Bruce's chaotic notes and journals. "In conformity with 18th-century conventions of travel writing, it is an 'immethodical miscellany', ranging from striking adventure stories, reported dialogues, and Shandean asides boasting of his success with African women, through a pedantic history of ancient Ethiopia (which occupies most of the first two volumes), to vivid sketches of contemporary Abyssinian life, politics, and natural history. It was immensely successful, most of the original edition being sold to retail booksellers within thirty-two hours, and was rapidly translated into French and German" (ODNB). The excellent plates, chiefly bound into the fifth volume, separately titled "Select Specimens of Natural History, collected in Travels to discover the Source of the Nile, in Egypt, Arabia, Abyssinia, and Nubia", are based on the drawings of Bruce and his companion Luigi Balugani, and superbly engraved by Heath.

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Description

5 volumes, quarto (305 x 235 mm). Recent brown half morocco, comb-marbled sides, raised bands to spines forming compartments, second and third gilt-lettered, central sun motifs to remaining compartments gilt, edges untrimmed.

Illustrations

Engraved with vignette title to each volume, arms to dedication, 55 plates mostly of natural history subjects (occasional tissue guards tipped- or laid-in), 3 battle plans each with leaf of explanatory text, 4 leaves of Ethiopian dialects and 3 folding ma

Condition

Title-pages a touch soiled, sporadic light foxing and the occasional minor spot as usual, variable damp-staining to vols. I and IV mainly confined to margins, occasionally affecting plates, faint tide-mark to upper outer corner of a few plates of vol. V not affecting images, vol. II signatures 4A to 4G clumsily opened not affecting text, first two folding maps (Arabian Gulf and the Tract of Solomon's Fleet) each with short closed tear along inner fold with image intact, third map (Lake Tana) sometime repaired along fold on verso. A good set.

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