Tri sily. Publichnoe chtenie. (Three Forces; A Public Reading.)M. Katkov, Moscow , 1877 Stock Code: 86058
NotesScarce first edition of the Russian philosopher, theologian, poet, pamphleteer and literary critic Vladimir Soloviev's rousing lecture, "Three Forces", read to the Society of Amateurs of Russian Literature in April 1877.
"In the academic year 1876-7 Soloviev returned to teaching and worked on a second book, The Philosophical Principles of Integral Knowledge. Before the year was over, however, he resigned his academic post and moved to St Petersburg In the light of his later career Soloviev's move can be seen as a step towards the lifestyle which suited him best, that of an independent scholar and publicist. Soloviev picked a good time to begin his publicistic career. Early in 1877 Russia declared war on the Ottoman empire in response to Turkish violence against Orthodox Christians in the Balkans. For the first time since the end of the Crimean War (1856), the Eastern Question returned to the center stage of European politics and lent new urgency to the issue of Russia's historical mission Hitching religious philosophy to Russian messianism his thesis was as simple as it was bold. The world is dominated by two opposed, but equally flawed, religious principles: the Islamic or oriental principle of 'the inhuman God,' a formula justifying universal servitude, and the modern European principle of 'the godless human individual,' a formula validating 'universal egoism and anarchy.' The conflict between these principles can only end in a vicious circle. Fortunately for humanity there is a country, Russia, where East and West meet and transcend their spiritual division in a higher religious principle: bogochelovechestvo, the humanity of God. As history's 'third force' Russia is destined to blaze the path not just to Constantinople but to the universal, divine-human cultural synthesis of the future." (Paul Valliere, Modern Russian Theology: Orthodox Theology In A New Key, p. 114).
"The great Russian religious philosopher V. Solov'ev, wrote about the influence of the religious philosophy of Islam on the cultural history of Western countries. He said that in the development of the history of humanity there are three forces: the first would like to subdue humankind to God; the second would skip 'the unity of the world' and give freedom to the individual form of life; the third would reconcile the unity of God with individual freedom. In the modern world, according to Solov'ev, these forces exist in three historical cultures: the first is the Arabian East, the second is Western civilization, and the third is Slavonic." (Abdusamedov Anvar, "The Place of Islamic Culture in Social Progress", Spiritual values and social progress, Uzbekistan philosophical studies, 1, p. 70).
Octavo (222 x 150 mm), pp. 16. Original printed paper wrappers. Housed in a black cloth rounded-spine slipcase and chemise by the Chelsea Bindery.
Small circular library label to front wrapper, oval library stamp to blank portion of First and last leaves. Wrapper largely split along spine, but still holding, front wrapper and First leaf a little crumpled at head, with a short tear but no loss, trace of library label and shelfmark to front wrapper; a very good copy.
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